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Production technology

Production technology

soil and moisture conservation

Soil and moisture conservation

When safflower is raised as a monocrop on stored soil moisture, soil and moisture conservation becomes very important. 

cycocel

Cycocel

Under rainfed conditions, spray cycocel @ 500 ppm at flower initiation to get 8 to 10% higher seed yield and returns from safflower. Use about 300 litres of spray solution per hectare.

Irrigation

Irrigation

Under scanty moisture conditions in drylands, yield can be boosted by 40 to 60% by providing just one life saving irrigation at critical phases of crop growth (early stem elongation to flowering) of before soil moisture becomes limiting for crop growth.

Time of sowing

Region Recommended seeding time
Andhra Pradesh  
Coastal and Rayalaseema areas October
Telangana

Seed rate

 

Safflower production technology

 

Depth of sowing

For better stands, follow line sowing using improved seed drills or fertilizer-cum-seed drills available in different regions. Seeds can be sown behind the plough also. Place the seed at a depth of about 5 cm in the moist zone to facilitate good germination and emergence. Cover the seed with heavy plank.

Sulphur : Safflower

Sulphur

Safflower responds to S fertilization in soils low to medium in available sulphur. Significant response upto 15 kg S/ha in Satara district anfd 30 kg/ha in Parbhani district of Maharashtra and in Malwa Plateau of Madhya Pradesh under irrigation; upto 30 kg/ha in Akola district (Maharashtra) and 45 kg/ha in Solapur district (Maharashtra) under rainfed conditions has been obtained.

Biofertilizers

 

Seed treatment with Azotobacter or mixed inoculation of Azotobacter and Azospirillum (25g/kg seed) could effectively subsitute 50% of recommended N needs of safflower amounting to 20 kg/ha under rainfed conditions in almost all the safflower growing regions of the country.

Fertilizer requirement

 

 

The recommended levels of manures and fertilizers for different regions are given below.

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