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LEARNING DIFFERENTIALS THROUGHDIFFERENT TRAINING METHODS
Dahiya M, Grover I and Sangwan SS
Efforts to increase agricultural production and efficiency are based upon the transfer of technology mechanism in which training is a crucial component. There is hardly any activity in agricultural production except ploughing in which women are not actively involved. Recognizing the importance of involvement of large majority of rural women in agriculture sector it was deemed fit to select and communicate messages that would enhance efficiency of the rural women. To make the messages effective to rural clientele the selection and use of appropriate training methods play a crucial role as they will in turn effect their appropriate habits of thoughts and action, skills, knowledge and attitude.
Keeping this in view the following study was conducted in four villages of Hisar District of Haryana on 80 farm women. As per methodological procedures followed the message namely improved wheel hand hoe was selected. The information were collected through well structured interview schedule. The four training methods selected were lecture + demonstrations + discussion, lecture + demonstration + discussion + supervised field practice, video and video + supervised field practice. These were named as treatments I, II, III & IV respectively for this study.
The results of comparison of pre and post mean scores of knowledge, attitude and skill for selected training methods tested through “t” test showed that there were no significant differences in pre and post exposure mean scores in control group whereas significant differences were found in experiment II it was 88.07 per cent. For the treatment III ande treatment IV it was estimated as 83.51 per cent and 86.21 per cent respectively. These variations in the impact might be due to the fact that improved wheel hand hoe is a new type of implement for the rural women and they are not used to using the same.