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GREEN REVOLUTION IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE : THE PRE AND POST REFORMS SCENARIO
Keeping in view of food security and the vital dependence on agriculture, a number of schemes and Programmes to accentuate agricultural production have been launched from time to time. But the first such major success has come out in the form of 'Green Revolution' in the mid sixties. Its effect has been spread in many directions viz. statistically, economically, sociologically, politically and environmentally. However, with respect to current economic scenario particularly for a 1.03 billion population, the statistical and environmental impact are much more relevant as they ascertain both food security as well as the quality of life. Further, both food security and quality of life are, in fact, determined by productivity and sustainability of agriculture. The 'Green Revolution' has already been proved that the achievement of productivity is technically achievable but the questions remains whether targets can be achieved with economically viable, environmentally sustainable systems without causing degradation of soil, air and water.
With the light of above background, the present paper makes an attempt to examine the statistical impact of 'Green Revolution' in India during the pre- and post- reforms scenario and its affect on sustainability. The paper concludes with the findings that the impact of 'Green Revolution' has not been affected the productivity trend in agriculture during pre- and post- economic reforms scenario. However, its affect on sustainability during post- reforms scenario is a serious challenge among economists and researchers, as it creats ecological imbalance in the economy, which not only affects the quality of life but also affects the food security in the long run. In this scenario, an economy can restore both productivity and sustainability in agriculture if there is proper development in both communication and extension system particularly for the farming community. This needs to strengthen both formal and informal education, which are usually considered as the infrastructure of a country's economic development.