Indian agriculture is passing through an era of transition. The agricultural globalization and revolution in information and communication technology have brought tremendous changes in world economic scenario. The agriculture, which is the engine of growth and development and a significant contributor to national economy, has been influenced greatly by the process of globalization. The agricultural situation has become more volatile, competitive, knowledge-led and market-oriented.
In the last 15 years, agriculture has stagnated and has not gone to an extent that it was targeted. There is a matter of great concern about imbalance of total production, national food security, household food security, the urban-rural divide and the economic access to food. The agricultural strategy in the country seeks to bridge the productivity and production gaps and sustainably improve rural income and employment opportunities including livelihood security and environmental security. The policy envisages promotion of sustainable agriculture through a regionally differentiated approach, development and transfer of technology, improvement of input use efficiency, incentives for agriculture, strengthening of infrastructure, risk management and management reforms. This calls for a system based inter-disciplinary holistic approach not only to develop ecologically sound technologies for different areas, but also to facilitate their utilization at gross root level.