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DESIGNING PARTICIPATORY ACTION PLAN BY KVKs IN BUNDELKHAND ZONE OF UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA
Singh L, Singh NP, Singh A and Prasad R
Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) are working on line of participatory mode for making the villagers self-depend. There is provision of involving the village people in all the KVK activities (planning, implementation and evaluation). In India, more than 300 KVKs are working including remandated ZARS-KVKs. Out of which 39 KVKs are functioning in Uttar Pradesh and 3 in Uttaranchal (under Zone IV ICAR, Kanpur). The zone IV is divided into 10 agro-climatic zones. Out of ten zones, Bundelkhand zone is one of them where two KVKs viz., Jhansi (under jurisdiction of CSAUA&T, Kanpur) and Chitrakoot (NGO governed) are engaged in developing human resource, conducting front line demonstrations and on-farm research for the benefit of rural people. A study was conducted to review the action plan for the year 2001-02. The proposed action plan of Jhansi and Chitrakoot KVKs were critically assessed and personal interaction was made with the scientists to know the extent of people's needs matched with the thematic areas of concerned districts. The significant inferences drawn under study are as: On-campus trainings organized by KVKs, duration is ranges from 2-5 days. Chitrakoot KVK has proposed less number of trainings for practicing farmers on livestock component. Though, it was one of the thrust areas of the district. So, the thrust area is not matching with the proposal. Jhansi KVK has not organized any training on agricultural engineering aspect due to non-availability of concerned scientist. But, it was supposed to organize training by inviting resource persons from line departments or any other agency. Jhansi KVK could not deal the on-campus training on seed production, use of bio-fertilizers and IPM where as these were emphasized to involve in action plan. Training on nursery-raising techniques was conducted by KVK, Jhansi. Orientation training was not proposed in fisheries farmers. The emphasis was given on income generating activities at both KVKs. But, there is need to take follow up action for starting an enterprise and continuing further.
Components covered and tackled under Front Line Demonstrations through proposed action plan about oilseed and pulses crops were reviewed. Improved varieties-aspect was common in both oilseed and pulse crops. Bio-fertilizer and fertilizer management components were included in pulse crops considerably (67 per cent) while inter-cropping and use of sulphur were not provided much attention (33 per cent) to include under demonstration. Bio-fertilizer, sulphur and weed management components were not given much emphasis (25 per cent) in oilseed crops. On Farm Trials were planned on farmers' problem based for technology assessment and refinement by using participatory rural appraisal techniques. By following the participatory approach, appropriate technologies and demand driven action plan can be developed. The details would be discussed during presentation.