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Zero-tillage planting of Wheat crop

Zero-tillage planting of Wheat crop

Zero-tillage planting of wheat after rice has been the most successful resource-conserving technology to date in the northwest India Zero tillage is an extreme farm of reduce tillage were wheat is planted in prepared soil after rice harvest in a narrow slit wide enough to cover the seeds without any tillage. It insures timely planting improve soil condition due to slow decomposition of crop residues and high biological activities. High infiltration rate lesser soil compaction and less soil erosion due to crop residue mulch is other addedadvantages. In this systemmechanical tillage is replaced by biological tillage and therefore it is eco friendly economic. It favors the crop by low annual weed population and less immobilization of soil nitrogen with early germination, which boost seeding bigger at initial stage. Uniform plant population proper fertilizer placement is the added advantages with zero tillage wheat than conventional tillage wheat.

 This technology is especially a boon, particularly in canal seepage areas where timely planting of wheat is not possible due to high soil moisture. It is as well in salt stress condition where only upper 2-3 cm soil is reclaim and poor hydraulic conductivity of soil effect initial seedling growth adversely.

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.