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Women in agriculture

Women in agriculture

Women make significant contributions to the rural economy in all developing country regions. Roles differ across regions, yet they consistently have less access than men to the resources and opportunities they need to be more productive. Closing the gender gap in agricultural inputs alone could lift 100–150 million people out of hunger. Women comprise, on average, 43 percent of the agricultural labour force in developing countries, ranging from 20 percent in Latin America to 50 percent in Eastern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Their contribution to agricultural work varies even more widely depending on the specific crop and activity. But a gender gap is found for many assets, inputs and services – land, livestock, labour, education, extension and financial services, and technology – and it imposes costs on the agriculture sector, the broader economy and society as well as on women themselves.

Closing the gender gap in agriculture would generate significant gains for the agriculture sector and for society. If women had the same access to productive resources as men, they could increase yields on their farms by 20–30 percent. This could raise total agricultural output in developing countries by 2.5–4 percent, which could in turn reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12–17 percent. The potential gains would vary by region depending on how many women are currently engaged in agriculture, how much production or land they control, and how wide a gender gap they face. No blueprint exists for closing the gender gap, but some basic principles are universal: governments, the international community and civil society should work together to eliminate discrimination under the law, to promote equal access to resources and opportunities, to ensure that agricultural policies and programmes are genderaware, and to make women’s voices heard as equal partners for sustainable development. Achieving gender equality and empowering women in agriculture is not only the right thing to do – it is also crucial for agricultural development and food security.

Further reading
 FAO The State of Food and Agriculture 2010-11: Women in Agriculture - closing the gender gap for development (
 FAO Gender ( en/)

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tamil women workers...



good subject

the Indian women folk have been playing significant role in agriculture since times immoral, they have often been relegated to the background. 

Even today, they are the major partner in almost all the agricultural activities and operations,

be it sowing, transplanting, weeding, rouging, picking, plucking, harvesting or threshing.  But unfortunately, their contribution has not been fully recorded, recognized and rewarded.  In so-far-as plant protection is concerned, women are playing very vital role in weeding, rouging  and also in the pesticidal spray operation etc. in every part of the country.

thanking you.

With regards
GWT-Agricultural Labour Research&Consultancy
(v helping to supply agricultural Labours for agri-horti farms,plantations&Dairy farms in TN,KL,KA- States)
72,Murugan CompleX,Nehruji Nagar,Dindigul,Tamilnadu,South India.

9487002125 / 9003828077 / sijishs

Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.