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Weeds in sugarcane

Weed Infestation in sugarcane:

In sugarcane weeds have been estimated to cause 12 to 72 % reduction in cane yield depending upon the severity of infestation.

Major weed:  

Sedges

Cyperus rotundus.

Grasses

Cynodon dactylon, Sorghum halepense, Panicum spp., Dactylocterium aegyptium.

Broad leaved weeds

Chenapodium album, Convolvulus arvensis L., Amaranthus viridis L., Portulaca oleraceae L., Commelina bengalensis L., Trianthema portulacastrum L.

            Weeds flora in sugarcane field competes for moisture and light also remove about 4 times N and P and 2.5 times of K as compared to crop during the first 50 days period. Weeds also harbour certain diseases and pests that attack sugarcane and thus lead to indirect losses.

            Doob grass (Cynodon dactylon), the pogan grass (Imperata cylindrica) are known to play as alternate hosts to ratoon stunting disease of sugarcane. Thus weeds essentially harm young sugarcane sprouts by depriving them of moisture, nutrients and sunlight. Poor growth of cane resulting from weed infestation also affects quality.

            Weeds that is present in the furrows i.e. along the cane rows causes more harm than those present in the inter-row spaces during early crop growth sub-periods. Thus the initial 90-120 days period of crop growth is considered as most critical period of weed competition. Therefore, the weed management practice adopted should ensure a weed-free field condition for the first 3-4 months period.

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