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Varieties of Pigeon Pea: Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh: Recommended Varieties

  • UPAS-120 - It is an extra early maturing (120-125 days) selection evolved at Pantnagar. Plants are medium tall, open and of semi-spreading type. Standard color is yellow with red streaks on it. Seeds are small (67 g per 1000 seeds) and light brown in color. The fruiting is well distributed in the branches. The average yield is 16-20 quintals per hectare. It escapes frost due to its extra maturity duration. It is most suitable for double cropping with wheat in the northern parts of the country. It is susceptible to sterility mosaic disease.
  • Type-17 - It is a selection and a late maturing type (270 days). Plants are tall and semi spreading. Seeds are medium sized (74 g per 1000 seeds) and brown in color. It is moderately resistant to wilt. The grains have very good palatability. An average crop yields 16-20 quintals per hectare. It is suitable for the plains of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Type-7 - It is a late maturing selection (260-270 days) with tall, erect and robust plants. Plants are erect and compact making it ideal for mixed cropping. Seeds are very bold (120 g per 1000 seeds) and brown in color. The crop yields 15-20 quintals per hectare. It is suitable for plains of Uttar Pradesh, particularly for mixed cropping with Jowar, Bajra or other kahrif legumes.
  • Type-21 - It is an early maturing variety taking 160-165 days to mature. The plants are tall, indeterminate and semi spreading type. The fruiting is well distributed in the branches and therefore, the incidence of pod borer is low. The grains are small and light brown in color. The yield potential of grain per hectare is 16-20 quintals. It is suitable for cultivation in north western and central parts of the country. Seeds are medium bold (72 g per 1000 seeds).
  • Azad - This variety matures in 260-270 days. It is suitable for growing in plains of Uttar Pradesh. Wheat can be planted timely in the same field after harvest of this variety. Yield potential is 18-20 quintals per hectare.
  • Narendra Arhar-1 - This variety matures in 260-270 days. It is suitable for growing in Uttar Pradesh. The variety is resistant to:o sterility mosaic disease and o wiltYield potential is 25-30 quintals per hectare.
  • Amar - This variety matures in 260-270 days. It is suitable for growing in whole Uttar Pradesh. This variety is resistant to o sterility mosaic disease and o wilt.Yield potential is 25-30 quintals per hectare.
  • Pusa-855- It is an improved early variety variety of pigeon pea released during 1993 for growing in Punjab, Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and North Western Rajasthan. Plants of Pusa-855 are medium tall (190 cm) and semi-spreading having indeterminate branching. The variety matures in 140-150 days. Seeds are brown, round and bold (9.3 g/1000 seeds). Being bold seeded, the recovery of Dal is better, besides better cooking quality. The variety has been found moderately resistant to disease like :

              o sterility mosaic virus,
              o phytophthora stem blight and
              o wilt
          Yield potential of the variety is 22-25 quintals per hectare. 

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