Sugarcane Planting Methods
1. Planting in flat beds: It is very popular method on Northern India and in some parts of Maharashtra. Shallow furrows 8-10 cm deep are made. Distance between two rows should be kept 75-90 cm. Generally 3 budded setts are used to plant in the end to end planting system. The furrow is covered by 5-7 cm of soil and field is leveled by planking.
2. Ridge and Furrow Method: The method is generally adopted in areas with moderate rainfall but have drainage problem. Deep furrows are opened in 'v' shape 10-15 cm deep in North India and 20 cm in Southern India.. It is also practiced in Eastern UP and in Peninsular India particular in heavy soils.
3. Trench Method or Java method: It is very common in Java, some coastal areas and in areas where the crop grows very tall and strong winds are blown. 'U' shape trenches are made. The depth of trench is kept 20-25 cm and line to line space is kept 75-90 cm. Setts are planted in these trenches or in small furrows prepared in the centre of trenches by end to end method.
4. Rayungan Method: It is the Indonesian term meaning-a developed cane shoot with single sprouted bud. A portion of field is selected for Rayungan production is left at harvesting time. The top of the cane is cut off which results auxiliary buds begin to sprout. For quick and effective sprouting fertilizer especially nitrogen in heavy dose is applied and field is irrigated. After 3-4 weeks sprouted buds are separated in single bud setts and transplanted on ridges. It is costly hence is not commonly adopted in India however is usually used for filling gap.
5. Distant Planting Method: It was developed at Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (IISR) Lucknow. In this method, single budded setts are planted in nursery @ 20 q/ha or 18000 setts/ha. After 45-60 days single budded setts are planted in the main field at a spacing of 90cm×50cm.
6. Pit Planting: This method is very popular in Tillah soil in Assam and also in Kerala hilly tracts. Pits are made at the interspacing of 20-30cm in rows along the contours with row to row spacing of 75 cm, organic manure is placed at bottom of the pits. Cane setts are placed in the triangle in pits and covered with soil. This system can be used in rainhfed agriculture and very useful in conserving the soil.
7. Skip Furrow Planting: It is common in Orissa. It is hybrid of flat and trench method. In this method trenches are dug 45 cm apart and a gap of 90 cm is left after each two rows of cane.
8. Sabling or Sprouting Method: Plants are sown in fertile soil with wide spacing, shallow planting frequent irrigations and adequate fertilization. Tillers soon after they develop their own roots are separated from the mother plant and planted separately. It is very successful in Java and Cuba.
9. Tjeblock Method: Improved over Rayungan methodbecause it takes care of proper availability of energy and nutrient to all the buds. Here stalks are cut off at its half length and planted vertically with node in the soil for rooting. The planted ones and the mother stalks are adequately irrigated and fertilized. Now the upper buds of both Tjeblocks and mother cane, which sprout in due course of time, are planted by cutting them into setts, as rayungans.
10. Bud Transplanting: Sugarcane buds with half of its stalk can be planted in small polyphone sleeves filled with organic manure and soil and after they sprouted out, they can be transplanted in the main field. The polythene is tore at the bottom for the easy rooting. There is less mortality about 5 % only.
11. Algin Method of Sugarcane Planting: In this method, Upper most nodes are collected while striping the canes for crushing; then it is planted in wheat field in rows after every 4 rows of wheat at 90 cm × 50 cm. The method was developed by Allahabad Agriculture Institute, Allahabad.
Submitted by JAI VIR SINGH on Tue, 02/02/2010 - 14:07