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Store Bengal gram up to April-UAS Dharwad Scientists

Store Bengal gram up to April-UAS Dharwad Scientists

            Bengal gram is widely appreciated as health food.  It is a protein-rich supplement to cereal-based diets; it has a very important role in human diet in our country. Bengal gram is a major pulse crop in India, widely grown for centuries and accounts for nearly 40 percent of the total pulse production. India is the major Bengalgram growing country in the world, accounting for 61.65 percent of the total world area under Bengal gram and 68.13 percent of the total world production. Bengalgram being the important crop of north Karnataka, it undergoes price fluctuations in extreme manner during the harvest period. In order to help the farmers in taking the appropriate decision while selling the crop keeping its future marketing aspect in mind, Domestic and Export Market Intelligence Cell (DEMIC) which is established under NAIP project in department of Agribusiness Management, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad undertook a study to come up with reliable price forecasts that prevail at the time of harvest. According to the officials of DEMIC, Dharwad the per quintal price of the Bengal gram will hover around Rs 3000-3500 in the month of February, Rs. 3400-3700 in the month of March and Rs. 3900-4300 in the month of April.

            To arrive at these prices the modal price data from Bidar regulated market was collected and analyzed and the prices for Bengalgram in Bidar district of north Karnataka were forecasted. Finally to come up with the reliable forecasts, opinions of experienced traders, agricultural scientists and progressive farmers were collected and also checked prices in other major markets and government policies and the future prices being announced by the National Commodities and Derivates Exchange of India (NCDEX) were referred with regard to its marketing prices.

            Presently the price of Bengal gram in Bidar market is Rs. 3575 per quintal. The Minimum Support Price (MSP) announced by the central government is Rs. 2800 per quintal. The farmers can store Bengal-gram up to April to get better price per quintal compared to February and March prices. The storage cost in FCI godowns is Rs.3/quintal per month.  So farmers advised to sell Bengal Gram in April month to fetch better price. Bold seeded, cleaned, well dried grains are going to fetch higher prices. Hence, farmers need to keep these points in mind while preparing the product for the market.

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The production of maize is generally dependent on the poultry industry which is situated in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. There is an increasing trend in the area, production and productivity of maize in Karnataka. Maize is grown in all the three seasons in India in an area of 936,000 ha, with an annual production of 273,000 tonnes and productivity of 2.9 tonnes/ha. Karnataka is the leading producer of maize in India as it falls under the corn belt of India and produces around 8 percent of India’s total produce. Karnataka has 3.44 lakh hectare of area under maize. The production is 2,869kg./hectare. Rabi grown maize is steadily entering into markets of north Karnataka But uncertain prices at harvest have made the farmers to think about the time and place of selling the produce Under such a fix, to help the farmers to take right decision about Marketing of the commodity, the prices of Maize that would prevail in major markets of north Karnataka at the time of harvest have been predicted by the Domestic and Export Market Intelligence Cell (DEMIC) established in the  Department of Agri-business Management, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad.

To arrive at these prices, the monthly modal price data pertaining to the last 20 years from one of the leading markets in Karnataka for maize crop, Ranebennur regulated market, was collected and this data was analyzed with rigorous analytical time series models and prices that would prevail at the rabi harvesting (February- April) of the crop in the market were forecasted.  These forecast prices were fine tuned by obtaining valuable opinions of well experienced traders, scientists and   progressive farmers in the region.

Presently the price of Bengal gram in Bidar market is Rs.1385 per quintal. The Minimum Support Price (MSP) announced by the central government is Rs. 1175 per quintal. On the basis of exercise conducted in analyzing the 20 years monthly price data from Ranebennur regulated market, and opinions and suggestions obtained from agricultural scientists, maize traders, progressive farmers and also the futures price data obtained from National Commodities and Derivatives Exchange of India (NCDEX), the prices of maize are expected to range between Rs.1250-1350 per quintal in the month of February, Rs.1300-1400 in the month of March, Rs.1350-1450 in the month of April, 2013. The farmers can store Maize up to April to get a margin of around Rs. 100 to 150 per quintal compared to February and March prices. Very well matured, bold, dried, uniform coloured and cleaned seeds are to fetch higher prices.  So, the farmers are advised to keep these points in mind while preparing commodity to the market.

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.