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Sowing time of Pearl millet


Sowing time


The sowing time of pearl millet is important aspect in increasing the crop yield. This sowing time is also related with soil moisture and soil temperature, as well as distribution of rainfall. In general, the rainy season crop (kharif) should be sown immediately after commencement of monsoon and after having adequate moisture in the soil. The seeds should be sown when there is moisture in the soil up to a depth of 5 to 7.5 cm. If irrigation facility is available, irrigating the field for sowing just before the onset of rainy season and thus advancing the sowing substantially increases pearl millet yield.

Dry seeding of pearl millet one week in advance of monsoon (firm forecast) is recommended in Marathwada region of Maharashtra.

As heavy and prolonged rains are generally harmful to flowering and maturing pearl millet, delayed sowing (July to mid-August) may be practiced in areas where the monsoon is prolonged.  In north and central part of India, pearl millet sowing is done with the onset of monsoon and not later than 15 July.

Rabi crop is sown between 25 September and 15 October.

Late sowing beyond October may result in poor germination and plant stand due to low soil temperatures. Soil temperatures should be at least 18°C. or warmer before pearl millet is sown. It germinates well at soil temperatures of 21 to 31°C.In Tamil Nadu, the crop is sown in October with the onset of North-East monsoon. The summer sowings are done from second week of January to first week of March in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, and Tamil Nadu. This crop is grown under irrigation only.

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