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Soils of India

 

 

SOIL

PROPERTIES

DISTRIBUTION

(1)RED SOIL

Red coloure is due to various oxides of iron.they are poor in N,P,K & with PH vary 7-7.5 . These soils are light textured with porous structured

A.P,Assam,Bihar,Goa,part of Kerala,Maharastra,T.N

(2)LATERITE SOIL

Seen in high rainfall areas ,the upper horizone of soil become rich in oxides of Iron & Al

Distributed in Deccan karnataka ,Kerala,M.P,Ghat region of orrissa,A.P,Maharastra,W.B,T.N

(3)ALLUVIAL SOIL

The soil are sandy loam to clay loam with light gray coloured  to dark coloure  Structure is loose & more fertile ,but the soil are low in N,P,K & humus

Indo-Gangetic plains, Brahmaputra valley and all most all states of North and South.

(4)BLACK SOIL

This is well known group of soils characterised by dark grey to black colour with high clay content.

They are neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction. Deep cracks develop during summer, the depth of the soil varies from less than a meter to several meters. Poor free drainage results in the soils, base exchange is high with high pH and rich in lime and potash

 

 Maharastra, Madhyapradesh, Gujarat and Tamilnadu

(5)FOREST SOIL

Soils are dark brown with more sub-soil humus content. They are more acidic

These group of soil found in Himalayan region

(6)DESERT SOIL

These soils are mostly sandy to loamy fine sand with brown to yellow brown colour, contains large amounts of soluble salts and lime with pH ranging 8.0 to 8.5. Nitrogen content is very low.

. They are distributed in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan.

 

 

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.