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Soil Physiography of Uttar Pradesh

Soil Physiography of Uttar Pradesh

The state is subdivided into three distinct physiographic regions from north to south viz. The Himalayas, the Gangetic plain and the Vindhyan hills and plateau.

 1. The Himalayas: The Himalayas rise in three longitudinal zones differing in distinct orographical features and consist of:

(i) the sub Himalayas or Sivalik zone, 300 -600 meters high,

(ii) the lesser Himalayas 2000 -3000 meters high and (iii) the greater Himalayas or Himadri, 7000 -9000 meters high above mean sea level

2. The Gangetic plain: Between Himalayas in the north and Vindhyan hills and plateau in the south lies the great Gangetic plain sprawling in almost three-fourth area of the state. It is a very deep and almost level land sloping gently from north-west to south- east. Physiographically, it can be divided between older alluvium soil (Banger) occupying relatively higher elevations and the new alluvium soil (khadir) occupying lower areas along the main rivers and their distributaries.

3. The Vindhyan hills and plateau: Located south of the Gangetic plain, this region forms part of the foreland of Deccan peninsula and is bound in the north by river Yamuna and partly by the river Ganga. It has been divided into following sub- divisions consisting of (i) Bundelkhand plateau, (ii) Vindhyan hills (iii) Vindhyan scarp land and (iv) Vindhyan plateau.

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.