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Socio-economic profile of Krishi Vigyan Kendra Bhagalpur

 The Socio-economic profile of agriculture in the area of responsibility of the KVK, Bhagalpur

Socio-economic profile

The location of this Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Farm Science Centre) is in Sabour Block of Bhagalpur District which located in the Eastern part of Bihar. The district is surrounded by Munger, Khagaria, Madhepura, Purnea, Katihar & Banka districts of Bihar and Godda & Sahebganj districts of Jharkhand. The district has an area of 5589 Sq. Km and lies between 24°30” and 25° 30” at North latitude and 86°30’ and 87°30” East longitude at an elevation of around 55 Meter above the mean sea level (MSL).

Bhagalpur is one of the oldest districts of Bihar located in the South Eastern region. It is situated in the Plain of Ganga Basin. The total population of the district is 3032226 persons with rural population and urban population (2011 census). The density of population is 1180 persons per square kilometres (2011 census). Bhagalpur has an average literacy rate of 64.96 per cent, with 72.3 per cent of the males and 56.49 per cent of the females literate.

The economy of the district is characterized by agriculture and the main food crops grown in the area are Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Pulses and Oilseeds, engaging more than 70 per cent of the work force. Horticulture crops commonly grown are Mango, Banana, Litchi, Citrus, and Guava and among vegetables are Tomato, Potato, Brinjal, Cauliflower etc. The district is known for growing varieties of Mango such as Jardalu, Gulabkhas, Maldah, Amrapali etc.

Apart from agriculture, other allied activities in the district are Dairy, Goatery, Piggery, Fishery etc. From the industrial point of view, the district is characterized as backward although there is enough potential for Silk Based Industry. The district can become hub of Agro Processing activity in Mango, Litchi, Banana, Tomato, Maize etc. There is potential for activities like Mushroom cultivation, Medicinal and Aromatic plants, Floriculture and Bee keeping, but a lot of extension work and infrastructure is needed before undertaking these activities.

On the basis of Agro-climatic Zonal Planning, agro-climatic features particularly soil type, temperature, rainfall, its variation and water resources, the district falls within the region, which can be geographically described as South Bihar Alluvial Plain. It is sub humid and has rainy season during summer subtropical climate ranging from sub-dry and sub-humid conditions with average annual rainfall of around 1350 mm.

Soil of Bhagalpur district is Greyish red in colour; medium to heavy in texture, slightly to moderately alkaline in reaction, cracks during summer (1cm to more than 5 cm wide and more than 50 cm deep) becomes shallow with onset of monsoon, with clay content nearly 40 per cent to 50 per cent throughout the profile. Based on the agro climatic condition and topography of the area, Bhagalpur can be divided into four regions: Diara, Tal, Plain and Hilly regions.

The rainfall under this zone is mainly influenced by the south-west monsoon which sets in the second week of June and continues up to end of September, Sometimes cyclonic rain also occurs. The rainfall distribution is marked seasonal in character. Greatly limiting water availability in certain times of the year and sometimes it requires disposal of excess water during monsoon.

In conclusion, it can be said that Bhagalpur is ready for a big leap with two major sectors of the economy viz; agriculture & Handloom (highest employment generating sectors) poised for upliftment.

 

 

 

 

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.