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Seeds and sowing

Pigeonpea Genotypes:

Generally local cultivars of medium- and late-maturing types are cultivated. These cultivars are:

  • Suitable for single cropping sequence only.
  • Incur greater risks of being exposed to abiotic stresses - droughts and frosts.
  • Do not fit into intensive cultivation system.

Hence, a number of extra short duration (90 days)and short-duration (120 days) genotypes were developed recently.

Table. 14 A list of a few pigeonpea varieties of different maturity groups are shown below:

Maturity Duration
Extra Short Duration
(120-140 days)
ICPL 87 (Pragati), ICPL 151 (Jagriti), Prabhat, ICPL 88039 (VL Arhar 1)
Short duration
(140-170 days)
Pusa Ageti, T21, HY2, Pusa 84, NPP 670
Medium duration
(160-190 days)
C11, HY1, HY3A, Mukta, BDN1, Maruti, NP(WR) 15, Asha, Laksmi
Late duration
(180-270 days)
Bahar, ICPL 366, ICP 7035


Seed quality

Seed quality

  • Use seed produced in isolation and subjected to roguing.
  • Do not use seed stored for more than two seasons.
  • Use the seed produced during the previous season.
  • Grade and use bolder seed.
  • Bolder seeds give better germination and result in more vigorous seedlings.
  • In the traditional practice, seeds are sown broadcast and then a blade harrow is used to cover the seed. This practice results in uneven sowing depth and poor emergence.
  • A uniform seeding depth is usually obtained when bullock-drawn or mechanical seed drills are used.
  • Seeds sown at shallower depths may be exposed to water deficits if dry weather persists soon after sowing.

Machine     Machine  

                      Machine                                         Manual  



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