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safflower Aphids

Aphids (Uroleucon compositae)


  • During pre-flowering stage both nymphs and adults suck the cell sap from shoot apices, peduncles, leaves and stem.
  • They secrete a honey dew like secretion on upper surface of the leaves and plant parts forming a black sooty mould.
  • This black sooty mould hinders photosynthetic activity resulting in stunted growth.
  • Finally plants dry in case of severe incidence.

Cultural Control

  • Avoid delayed planting.

Chemical Control

  • Spray dimethoate (0.05%) or Methyl parathion (0.05%) or monocrotophos (0.05%) or chloropyriphos or endosulfan (0.05%) or alternatively dust quinolphos (1.5%) or methyl parathion (2.5%) or malathion (5%) or endosulfan (4%) at 40 and 60 days after sowing.
  • Use 500 litres of spray mixture and 20 kg dust formulation per ha.
  • In traditional tract of Karnataka and scarcity zone of Maharashtra, one spray of neem seed kernel extract (NSKE) (5%) a week after first incidence followed by the spray of recommended insecticide 15 days later gives good control of aphid.

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