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Role of Honey bees in cross pollination

Role of Honey bees in cross pollination

 

Cross pollination: In cross pollination the pollen is transferred from one plant to stigma of another plant where external agents are involved

Effect of bee pollination on crop

  • It increases yield in terms of seed yield and fruit yield in many crops
  • It improves quality of fruits and seeds
  • Bee pollination increases oil content of seeds in sunflower
  • Bee pollination is a must in some self incompatible crops for seed set

Crops benefited by bee pollination

Fruits and nuts: Almond, Apple, Apricot, Peach, Strawberry, Citrus and Litchi.

Vegetable crops: Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Coriander, Cucumber, Melon, Pumpkin, Radish and Turnip.

Oil seed crops: Sunflower, Niger, Rape seed, Mustard, Safflower, Gingelly.

Forage seed crops: Lucerne, Clover.

Yield increase due to bee pollination

Crop

Per cent yield increase

Mustard

40-43

Sunflower

32-48

Cotton

17-19

Lucerne

 100-112

Onion

93

Gingelly

25

Apple

44

Coriander

187

Cardamom

21-37

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.