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Relative salt tolerance of Indian mustard

Relative salt tolerance of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) genotypes in relation to germination, growth and seed yield

Kripa Shanker#, S.K.S. Parihar, Kuldeep, Krishna Kant Dubey and Arun Kumar
Department of Crop Physiology,

Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology,
Kanpur-208002 (UP) India
#Corresponding author: krishnaiari@gmail.com

Abstract

Effect of salinity on germination percentage, dry matter per plant, number of siliqua per plant, 1000-seed weight and seed yield per plant of Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss] was studied (2008-09 & 2009-10). Five genotypes (Urvashi, Basanti, Varuna, Rohini and Ashirwad) were evaluated at five levels of salinity viz. normal, 3, 6, 9 and 12 dSm-1. All the five mustard genotypes showed increasing trend with respect to all above mentioned crop parameters with 3 dSm-1 salinity over normal water, but further increase in irrigation water salinity above 3 dSm-1 reduced all parameters significantly with each increase in salinity upto 12 dSm-1. Among genotypes, Urvashi showed best performance with respect to above mentioned characters at higher levels of 6, 9 and 12 dSm-1 salinity, while Ashirwad performed poorest. Thus, Urvashi genotypes proved to be more tolerant to salinity than other genotypes.

To read full research paper: http://www.srmr.org.in/vol2-2-2011/05.pdf

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