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Red gram(Tur) prices to rule around Rs.4300-4800 per quintal at harvest in Gulbarga market

Red gram(Tur) prices to rule around Rs.4300-4800 per quintal at harvest in Gulbarga market


Red gram (Tur) is grown throughout the tropical and subtropical countries especially in south Asia, eastern and southern Africa, Latin America, Central America and South America. The major countries producing red gram are India, Myanmar, Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Nepal, Domenica Republic, Congo, Bangladesh, Haiti, Panama etc. The major exporters of red gram are Myanmar, Domenica Republic and Malawi. However, India, Trinidad, Venezuela, Nepal and Mauritius are the major importers. Red Gram occupies 6.5 per cent of the world’s total pulses area and contributes 5.7 per cent to the total pulses production. India is the largest producer of red gram accounting about 64 per cent of total world production followed by Myanmar (22 per cent) and Malawi (6 per cent).

     Like other pulses, red gram is grown under rain fed condition and about 96 per cent of red gram area is unirrigated. In terms of production Maharashtra is in the lead followed by Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Karnataka ranks second in area (562.13 thousand hectares) and production (366.3 thousand tones) of red gram in the country. The major trading centers of red gram in Karnataka are Gulbarga, Sedam, Yadgiri, Bidhar, Bijapura, Bellary and Bagalkote.

Gulbarga region is known as Tur bowl of Karnataka. Farmers in this region are waiting for the onset of monsoon to take up sowing operation.  But, because of uncertainty of prices of Tur at the time of harvest, farmers are in a state of confusion regarding sowing of this crop.  Hence, in order to assist and help the farmers through predicting the prices of Tur at the time of harvesting of the crop, the NCAP Network project on Market Intelligence functioning in the Department of Agricultural Marketing, Co-operation and Business Management, UAS Bangalore collected the markets modal prices of redgram that prevailed in Gulberga market during the last twelve years and econometric analysis was carried out to predict the prices of Red gram for the harvesting months. Also an opinion survey of Red gram traders was conducted. Based on the analysis, Market survey and considering the price trends of other pulses in the country, government policies with regard to the marketing and international trade in Tur. It is forecasted that Red gram would fetch a modal price of around Rs.4300-4800 per quintal during this Kharif 2014 harvest months of November-December 2014. This forecast prevails for current market sentiments & monsoon and could vary with changes in the market situation and rainfall. Farmers are advised to sow quality seeds for better price realization.

ARCH-GARCH analysis was carried out using Eviews software. The monthly prices of Red gram, for the period of April 2002- May 2014 for the Gulbarga market were taken for analysis. From the results of Table 1, it could be inferred that the Red gram market had no volatility in prices. The sum of Alpha and Beta not indicated ARCH and GARCH effect for the given market. The value not close to 1 indicates non persistence of shocks or volatility in the market.



Dr.C.P.Gracy, Nagashree, N., Mangala V Reddy

Department of Agricultural marketing co-operation and business Management

    UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-65

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Red gram (Tur) is not found

Red gram (Tur) is not found everywhere in the world. I think this is expensive and hard to get. Tur is used in a number of things.

Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.