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Pruning and Training in Tomato

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Pruning and Training /Staking in Tomato

Deepali Tewari, GBPUAT


What is Pruning?

  • Pruning is defined as pinching of all side shoots, so that plant may utilize all it's food and energy for fruit development.
  • Plants are supported by wires, strings or stacks in green houses and by bamboo sticks and wire/ rope in field.
  • Pruning and training are generally followed in indeterminate tomatoes.

 

Advantages:

  • Pruning besides removing the unwanted growth of plants, improves the size, shape and other qualities of the fruits.
  • It also breaks the apical dominance, eliminates the crown set and enhances the plant vigor. To reduce incidence of disease, mature old      leaves should be removed. However during summer season, foliage should not be removed as it works as protective structure for fruit against sun scald.
  • Apart from pruning in indeterminate tomato, early and total yield and quality are increased to a greater extent by training. 
  • The plants are trained with wires, strings or stacks in green houses. In field, plants are staked with support of bamboo sticks and wire or rope.
  • Training helps in better utilization of light and air. Fruits are protected from sunscald. Number of fruits is increased, uniformity of size is maintained, consequently, yield and quality of fruit is improved.


Advantages of training tomato plants:

  • It induces earliness in the fruits.
  • It keeps the fruit above the ground, helps in producing healthy, large sized, uniform fruits.
  • There are fewer chances of diseases and pests incidences.
  • It facilitates various inter-culture operations and rapid picking and collection of produce.
  • It increases plant stand per unit area (about one and a half time).

 

Disadvantages of training tomato plants:

  • Cost of cultivation is increased.
  • There may be blossom end rot, sun scald and cracking of fruit, it not managed properly.
  • There is danger of spread of virus infection.

 

 

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.