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Production & Productivity of Chickpea

Production & Productivity of Chickpea

The world's total production of chickpeas hovers around 8.5 million metric tons annually and is grown over 10 million hectares of land approximately. The Desi type chickpea contribute to around 80% and the Kabuli type around 20% of the total production. India is the largest producer of this pulse contributing to around 70% of the world's total production. Desi type chickpeas largely dominate the ratio of production in India. Chickpea is grown in the drier areas of the country as they are best suited for its production. Chickpea producing states in India are:

  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Rajasthan
  • Maharashtra
  • Andhra Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh produces the major share of around 40% in the Indian production of around 6 million tons. Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan follow Madhya Pradesh contributing to 16% and 14% of production respectively. Since 1990, a rise in the productivity of chickpea in India has been observed from 614 kg per hectare to 735 kg per hectare.

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