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Potential Medicinal flora of Pulwama: an Overview

District Pulwama is situated about 32 km from Srinagar in South Kashmir, covering an area of 1,398 km2. Pir Panjal mountain range of the inner Himalaya lies on the East and South-East. There is good floral diversity, some of which offer potential contribution to the Indian Ayurvedic and other traditional medicinal systems. These plants include trees, shrubs, climbers and herbs, some of which include Podophyllum hexandrum, Cydonia oblonga, Arisaema jacquemontii, Saussurae sacra, Viola odorata, Mentha arvensis, Colchicum luteum,Artemesia ibsanthium, Potentilla nepalensis, Dioscorea deltoidea, Aesculus indica, Taraxacum officinale, Salvia moorcroftiana, Angelica glauca,Rheum emodi, Allium cepa,Crocus sativus, Datura strammonium, Bergenia ligulata,Vitis venifera, Urtica dioica, Malva sylvestris, Cannabis sativa, Punica granatum etc. Besides these, Morsilla indica also finds its utility in these traditional medicinal systems. Some plants like Podophyllum hexandrum, Viola odorata etc have anticancer properties. Crocus sativusis the peculiarity of the Karewas of Pampore of the district. It is a potent stimulant, antidote, anti cough and is also used as dysuretic. Other medicinal flora has diverse uses such as antiseptic, antipyretic, antihelminthic, antispasmodic, analgesic, tonic, purgative, reduce blood pressure, joint pains etc. But, overexploitation, deforestation, overgrazing, mismanagement, increase in human population and environmental pollution like factors have reduced the medicinal plant diversity of the district. There is an urgent need for conservation of such important and diverse flora, which can be achieved through in-situ and ex-situconservation approaches.


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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.