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Plant Population

Long-duration varieties

In traditional production systems, pigeonpea generally has a low plant population, less than 5 plants m2. But, 10 plants m2 gave marginally higher yields in intercrops.

Short duration Varieties
Plant pollution
Short duration pigeonpea with close spacing
  • In peninsular India, the optimum plant population is about 30 plants m2 adopting a row-to-row spacing of 30 cm and plant-to-plant spacing of 10 cm.
  • Cool post-rainy season in India requires 12-30 plants m2.


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