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Pearl millet anatomy

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Authors: 
MAITI, R.K. and Bisen, S.S.
Book
Publication Year: 
1979
Publisher Details: 
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ; Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India
Report/Series/Bulletin Name: 
Pearl millet anatomy / Maiti, R.K.
Report/series/Bulletin Number: 
38

 


T h e l i t e r a t u r e o n p e a r l m i l l e t ( P e n n i s e t u m a m e r i c a n u m ( L . ) L e e k e P e n n i s e t u m t y p h o i d e s , S t a p f a n d H u b b a r d ) a n a t o m y i s l i m i t e d . I t i s s c a t t e r e d i n a v a r i e t y o f s t u d i e s , mo s t o f w h i c h l a c k a d e q u a t e i l l u s t r a t i o n . O n l y t w o g e n e r a l d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e k n o w n t o t h e a u t h o r s ( K r i s h n a s w a m y , 1 9 6 2 ; M a j m u d a r a n d R a c h i e , 1 9 7 9 ) . D e s c r i p t i v e s t u d i e s o f s p e c i f i c o r g a n s a n d t i s s u e s h a v e b e e n p u b l i s h e d f o r t h e l e a f ( K r i s h n a s w a m y a n d A y y a n g a r ,  1 9 4 2 ) , a n t h e r a n d p i s t i l ( R a n g a s w a m i , 1 9 3 5 ) , a n d g r a i n (Wi n t o n a n d Wi n t o n , 1 9 3 2 ) . A d e s c r i p t i o n o f r o o t a n d v a s c u l a r a n a t o m y a s m e c h a n i s m s o f d r o u g h t r e s i s t a n c e h a s a l s o b e e n p u b l i s h e d ( R a t n a s w a m i , 1 9 6 0 ) . D e v e l o p m e n t a l a n a t o m i c a l s t u d i e s h a v e b e e n c a r r i e d o u t o n t h e l a t e r a l b u d s ( N a n d a a n d C h i n o y , 1 9 5 8 ) , o n f l o r a l h i s t o g e n e s i s ( D a n i e l a n d S h a h , 1 9 7 1 ) a n d o n t h e c a r y o p s i s ( M a t s u d a , 1 9 4 1 ; N a r a y a n a s w a m y , 1 9 5 3 ; a n d F u s s e l l a n d P e a r s o n , 1 9 7 8 ) . A d e t a i l e d s t u d y o f m o r p h o l o g i c a l a n d a n a t o m i c a l c h a n g e s i n t h e p a n i c l e f r o m f l o r a l i n i t i a t i o n t o m a t u r i t y h a s r e c e n t l y b e e n c o m p l e t e d i n o u r l a b o r a t o r y ( M a i t i a n d B i s e n , 1 9 7 8 ) . T h e p r e s e n t s t u d y i s a n a t t e m p t t o p r e s e n t a c o m p l e t e s i m p l i f i e d i l l u s t r a t e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e a n a t o m y o f p e a r l m i l l e t . We h o p e t h a t i t w i l l b e u s e f u l a s a r e f e r e n c e t o s t u d e n t s a n d t o s c i e n t i s t s w o r k i n g w i t h t h e c r o p .
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