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Natural Resouce Management

Natural Resource Management

Situation: The soil types of the district are broadly divided into four categories namely coarse shallow soil, medium black soil, deep black soil and reddish soil occupying about 38, 41, 13 and 8 percent of the cultivated area respectively. In the first two categories, soil moisture is the critical limiting factor affecting productivity of crops particularly under rained condition. Organic carbon is very low to medium (0.20-0.60%), Nitrogen low to medium (92-95% deficient), Phosphorus very low to medium (68-70% deficient), Potassium high to very high. Micronutrients status in the district soil reported that Iron deficiency 49 %, Zinc deficiency 62 % and Manganese deficiency 11%. The Calcareous is also one of the problem 35-40% soils having above 10% CaCo3 which affects the availability and uptake of the problems.

Imbalanced use of chemical fertilizers along with flood irrigation in command area has resulted in soil degradation, similarly they are using very less or no use of organic manures/green manures and not following the suitable cropping pattern. Improper use of fertilizers and water management practices resulted to depletion of soil status and water availability as well as quality, it was reported that 72% of the soils are saline/alkaline or nearing towards salinity/alkalinity. An analysis of 700 ground water samples of the canal command area shows that almost 81 per cent samples have EC above 1.5. Such a soil conditions has created a problem of availability of major and micronutrients for the crop growth.

Technological Solution: Considering the situation the various activities was planned and implement by the KVK in the district for Natural Resources Management. The activities includes the balance nutrients management on the basis of soil/water/plant tissue analysis, crop residue  Organic matter recycling, bio-fertilizers use, organic farming ,salt affected soils improvement etc.


Plant Nutrition Diagnosis Center: Soil and nutrients management one of the key for sustainability of the soil fertility and productivity. The Considering the important as well as the demand of the farming community the plant nutrition diagnosis center has been started in 1996-97 in the KVK system first in Maharashtra.


Input: The soil and nutrients management on the basic soil /water/plant testing awareness created among the farmers in the operation villages through the trainings. The total 44 trainings conducted which benefited 1232 farmers. Five crop demonstrations conducted soil test based nutrients management at 44 farmer's field on wheat, onion, cotton and soybean crop. Four crop demonstration on plant tissue analysis based nutrients management was conducted on grape and pomegranate at 25 farmer's field. Four OFTs was conducted on soil and tissues analysis based nutrients management at 41 farmer's fields on grape, pomegranate, sugarcane and wheat crop. Literature developed and distributed among the farmers for awareness generation.

As a demand from the farmers in 1996-1997 soil and testing laboratory started by the KVK. We procured the old equipment from one of our sister institute, repair the equipment and the working of soil testing laboratory begins. Initially we have only major nutrients testing facilities of soil and water. Though the farmers using the fertilizers the deficiency of some nutrients are noticed in the standing crops because of the unavailability and uptake of nutrients due to the soil alkalinity/salinity and calcareous properties of soil. Plant tissue analysis technique can diagnose the particular nutrients deficiency and rescheduling the nutrients management accordingly. Plant tissue analysis based nutrients management play an important role for the export quality fruit crop production especially grape and pomegranate, so that the tissue analysis services started in the year 1999-2000.The technological knowhow collected from NRC grape and SAUs. Considering the quality services given by the KVK, the State Department of Agriculture sanctioned a grand Rs.5.0 lakh in the year 2001 for strengthening the soil laboratory. With this grand we strengthen our soil lab with all new sophisticated equipments and accessories.

The farmers know the important of organic manures use but quality of it always a problem. The number of private companies enters in the organic manure production and they are providing poor quality of manures as there were no any quality standard parameters. As a need of the farming community the organic manure quality testing services started in the year 2001 with all quality parameters information.

As the good response from the farmers the number of samples increased and it is very difficult for us to give the reports in time as a calculation and report preparation become a tedious and time consuming job. So the idea of software development comes forward. The soil and water testing software "Vasundhara" was developed in year 2003 by the KVK for providing quick services and maintaining the farmer's soil testing data and computerized report services to the farmers.

The changes in the soil properties play important role for management of soil and nutrition. The Soil Health Card concept was implementation in the adopted villages where the soil analysis of same farmers plot was carried out continuously for three years to show them the changes in the soil parameters. The ICM package was implemented in the salt affected soil area on 20 farmers field for three years period on same plot under project funded by the NABARD during the year 2003-2006.

The micronutrients deficiency in soil as well as plant become the emerging problem in the district but the micronutrients deficiency very difficult to diagnose unless the testing of soil or plant samples. Considering the important of micronutrients and secondary nutrients analytical services started in the year 2005.The plant nutrition diagnosis center again strengthen in the year 2005 from the grand of ICAR .The export of the any agricultural commodity as well as organic inputs, the heavy metal composition become one of the quality parameter as a future need of the agriculture the heavy metal testing facilities started in the year 2007 from the grand of NHM.

Now the Plant Nutrition Diagnosis Center of becomes well equipped with all the sophisticated equipments and the major, micro and heavy metal testing facilities of soil, water, plant ,compost and fertilizers. The FIACs, Agribusiness & Agriclinic students, Farmers club and the SHGs becomes our hands in outreach these services in the district and abroad. 


Output:

  • Critical diagnosis of plant nutrients deficiency in plant and soil for balance nutrients management
  • Village wise soil status information for activity planning
  • Knowledge and awareness created among the farmers about the importance of soil/water/plant analysis
  • The soil test based nutrients management adoption is 65 per cent in grape,40 per cent in pomegranate,20 per cent in sugarcane and 10-12per cent in other crops
  • Total 12500 samples were analyzed in this diagnosis center benefiting 10341 farmers over 7891 ha area. These samples were received from 338 villages of 57 tehsils of 18 districts and 6 states.
  • Tissue analysis concept  introduced  and popularized in the  district ,the adoption is more in the cash crops i.e. grapes 68 per cent, pomegranate 35 per cent
  • The ICM package for salt affected soil has been adopted by 180 farmers on 150 ha area. The diffusion taken place in the other affected area of the district on 375 ha area.

Outcome:

  • With the visible benefits of nutrition diagnosis, the farmers from KVK operational villages are regularly approaching the KVK for seeking the nutrition diagnosis services.
  • Saving in the cost of fertilizers of about Rs1000-1200/ha along with avoiding the pollution of soil / water with12-15 % increase in crop yield.
  • Grape and pomegranate farmers have harvested the export quality fruits and secured the 25 % higher market price
  • Soil Health cards to 2000 farmers for the impact of the technology demonstrated for the improvement of soils and future planning
  • Reduce the problem of flower drops, setting of flowers and fruits besides improvement problematic in soil quality.
  • ICM package adopted for various crops indicated positive effect on crop yield and soil improvement. The average soil pH decrease from 8.61 to 8.37, average Ec deceases from 2.95 to 2.53 mmhos/cm and increase soil organic carbon from 0.47 to 0.58 per cent. The average yield increased 18.18 per cent in soybean, 20.04 per cent in summer cotton, 15.12 per cent in wheat, 16.94 per cent in sugarcane and 16.94 per cent in onion over the general farmer's practice.


Impact:

  • Increased the awareness about ill effects of the imbalance use of chemicals on soil health and environment.
  • The soil and tissue test based nutrients management increased the net income by Rs.6000-8000/ha in cash crop and 2500-3000 in other crops
  • HRD to all KVK's staff in Maharashtra about soil laboratory establishment, sample analysis and report preparations.
  • Six entrepreneurs have started the services of soil/water diagnosis with Soil/Water testing kits in the field.
  • The five other KVKs soil testing laboratory and two private laboratory using the "Vasundhara "Soil/Water testing Software developed by us
  • Tissue analytical services started in some of the District Soil Testing Laboratories in the year 2007
  • NABARD formulated the bankable project on "Integrated Project for improving the agricultural productivity in saline/alkali soil"


Bio-fertilizers


Situation: Time line analysis of the adopted villages reflects that the farmers are giving more important to the chemical fertilizers, less use of organic fertilizers and only 10 per cent farmers known about the bio-fertilizers and adoption was only 2 per cent. Repeated use of chemical fertilizers destroys soil biota .The poor quality and timely unavailability becomes the problem for adoption.


Technological Solution: Bio-fertilizers enhance the nutrient availability to crop plants. It is natural and pollution free and eco friendly method. In the vast areas of low input agriculture, these products will be of much use to give sustainability to production. In view of the priority for the promotion of organic farming and reduction of chemical residues in the environment, special focus has to be given for the production and use of bio-fertilizers.


Inputs: The total 27 trainings conducted which benefited 837 farmers of selected villages. Five Crop demonstrations conducted at 32 farmer's field on soybean, Bengal gram, cotton, sugarcane and onion crops. Literature developed and distributed among the farmers for awareness generation. With increasing awareness among the farmers due to various programmes implemented by KVK, there was a higher demand from the farmers for bio-fertilizers. However availability of fresh and good quality bio-fertilizers in rural area was a main problem. Therefore the KVK has taken a decision of bio-fertilizers production.

Initially we collected the information from the internet and one of the reputed private company for technical knowhow but the mother cultures availability  becomes the problem, with the help of internet we noted that the NCL ,Pune providing the various cultures for the bio-fertilizers production. We approach the NCL and procured the cultures with the sub-culturing and cultures maintain technique and the small bio-fertilizers production like Rhizobium, Azatobactor, PSB and Compost culture unit has started in the year 1999-2000. In the year 2005 the SMS Soil Science was deputed for quality production 10 days training organized by the NCOF, Nagpur. Under the DBT funded projects large scale crop demonstration was conducted on various at the farmers filed during the period 2001-2003, which creates the awareness among the farmers about the bio-fertilizers role in crop production.

The initial annual production capacity was only 1500 kg, the production unit has been strengthen in the year 2004 with the financial assistance form CAPART under organic farming project with all equipments. Now we have production capacity of 10 tons per annum to fulfill the increasing demand from the farmers. Acetobacter production is started in the year 2004 as sugarcane is the major cash in the canal command area and acetobacter application reduced the 32-35 per cent chemical nitrogen requirement of the crop.

 The bio-fertilizers unit was resister under the SSI in year 2006 and we procured the production and sale license from the Government during year the 2008. The FIACs, Agribusiness & Agriclinic students, Farmers club and the SHGs becomes our hands in outreach these eco-friendly inputs in the district and abroad.


Output:

  • Knowledge and awareness created among the farmers increase the adoption of bio-fertilizers
  • The adoption of rhizobium is 65 per cent for soybean and 40 per cent in bengal gram as seed treatment and azatobactor use for wheat is 30 per cent.
  • The use of trash mulching becomes popular in ratoon sugarcane where use of composting culture is 62 per cent
  •  Regular use of PSB by vegetable and fruit growers particularly in the calcareous soil in order to release the soil fixed phosphorus
  • During the last eight years, the KVK has produced 32795 kg bio-fertilizers and made available to 7124 farmers from 329 villages of 69 tehsils and 22 districts.


Outcome:

  • Farmers reducing the use chemical fertilizers especially nitrogen by 20 per cent in oilseed /pulses and 15 per cent in cereal crops.
  • The germination and yellowing problem at the initial stage of soybean is reduced by 65 per cent in problematic soil with rhizobium and PSB seed treatment.
  • Utilization of almost 50 tones of environmental nitrogen and 30 tones of fixed phosphorus through use of bio-fertilizers thus saving Rs.12.5 lakhs against chemical fertilizers use.
  • The trash composting process has been enhanced and trash get decomposed within 3 month
  • Three entrepreneur started the production units through which 3600 mandays have been generated and two proposals prepared for the bank loan
  • The improvement in soil properties and soil micro flora


Impact:

  • Use of bio-fertilizers increased due to locally availability of fresh bio-fertilizers
  • Sugar factories provided the composting culture to their member at the concessional rates for trash composting in ratoon
  • Introduction of nitrogen fixing bacteria for sugarcane growers in the form of Acetobacter
  • Effective solution provided to increase the germination of soybean, gram and groundnut through regular supply of Rhizobium
  • The agro-service centers are now kept the bio-fertilizers for sale as demand increased from the farmers
  • Three entrepreneur started bio-fertilizers production unit
  • Supply of these eco-friendly inputs has helped in promoting the concept of organic farming


Vermicompost:

Situation: Farmers are now convinced about the important of organic manures but availability of the good quality organic fertilizers is the problem. Farmers generally use its only once in 3 or 4 years. During the transact walk, we observed that bulk quantity of crop residue and sugarcane trash is available at the farmer's field and 80-85 per cent farmers burn it or thrown it on the border. Only 15-20 per cent farmers utilizes the crop residues for composting but the compost prepared by conventional methods is time consuming, laborious with poor quality.


Technological solutions: The Vermicompost production would be option to produce the good quality compost in short time. The technology is easy for adoption and low cost also.


Input: KVK took initiation to establish a model vermicompost demonstration unit at KVK farm. For technical knowhow of the technology the SMS Soil Science was deputed to INORA, Pune and Morarqa Foundation, Jaipur, Rajasthan for on job training. In the year 2000-2001, we first started a model demonstration unit at KVK farm having 15 ton annual production capacity.

We designed two days skill imparting training programme for the farmers as well as rural youths, training included vermicompost and vermiwsah production technique, harvesting, packing, and marketing and project preparation. Total 21 courses have been conducted for farmers and 10 courses especially for rural youths which benefited 659 farmers and 240 rural youths from the nearby villages. Four crop demonstrations and two OFs conducted at 52 farmer's field on wheat, cotton, sugarcane, onion and pomegranate. Literature developed and distributed among the farmers for awareness generation.

Under DBT funded project 25 tons capacity demonstration unit the KVK farms and 200 units has been established at farmers filed in the year 2001-03.Under the organic farming project funded by the CAPART another 100 units established at the farmers field and vermiwsah demonstration unit at the KVK farm .Three master trainer developed for second stage extension.Mater trainer and Farmers club members becomes our hands in outreach these eco-friendly inputs production technology  in the district and abroad.


Output:

  • Knowledge and awareness created among the farmers they started their own vermicompost production unit and use of vermicompost and vermiwsah for the crops
  • The adoption of vermicompost and vermiwsah use is 35 per cent in fruit crops and 12 per cent in field crops
  • The pomegranate growers regularly using vermiwsah at the stage of flowering and setting
  • During the last seven years, the KVK has produced 252 tons vermicompost, 5452 liter vermiwsah and 360 kg vermiculture made available to 1305 farmers from 121 villages of 22 tehsils and 06 districts.


Outcome:

  • 378 vermicompost and 25 vermiwsah production units establishes  by the farmers and rural youths
  • 32 rural youth earning Rs.2500-4500 per month income and also create an employment to the 2-3 persons in each unit total 13,680 man days have been generated annually.
  • Saving in cost of chemical fertilizers by Rs. 2500 to Rs. 4000/- per ha along with improvement in soil health and additional income by selling the earthworms
  • Improvement in the quality of the produce
  • Annually 3500-4000 tons of crop residues recycled
  • Annually 2000 to 2500 tons of vermicompost is produced at the farmer's field, which is worth Rs. 50 to 62 lakhs. 
  • One entrepreneur started 500 tons annual production unit and will be exporting vermicompost to Malasiaya. He is earring Rs.8000 income per month and creates an employment for 5 family members. He established over 250 vermicompost units at the farmer's field in the district and abroad.


Impact:

  • Vermicompost productions emerge as a economically viable low coat self employment enterprise in the villages
  • One entrepreneur working as a resources person for other departments for promotion activity
  • State department and NHM also providing grants for the vermicompost unit establishment.
  • Vermicompost and vermiwsah use as two major of nutrients supplying inputs for organic farming
  • The agro-service centers has started to kept the vermicompost for sale
  • Punjab Government deputed 4 agriculture officers for training to our KVK


Soluble Fertilizers and Spray Grades


Situation: Nutrient Management is an important component of the crop production. Fertilizers application in soil is the common practice to fulfill the crops requirements. Though the farmers are using the conventional fertilizers, standing crops shows the deficiencies of the nutrients and facing the problems like flower and fruit droppings, yellowing of leaves, cane maturity problem in grapes, fruit quality and size etc. KVK Scientist worked on the problems with farmers. Soil testing results of such problematic soil shows that the soil salinity, alkalinity and the high calcium carbonates become the obstacles in the nutrient availability and uptake. The most of the horticultural crop on the drip irrigation system and conventional fertilizers cannot use through it.


Technological Solution: The concept of fertigation through and foliar feeding was introduced in the district by the KVK .Tissue analysis nutrition management as well as nutrition management in problematic soil was predominantly disseminated due to introduction of inputs like soluble fertilizers and spray grades.


Input: The fertigation and foliar feeding concept was completely new in the district. The first workshop was organized in the year 1997 for innovative farmer's club member with the Private Company experts and KVK scientist and workout the plan of action training, demonstration and OFTs at the farmer's field to create the awareness among the farmers about the fertigation and foliar feeding concept. The total 24 trainings conducted which benefited 722 farmers and 2 exposure visits organized to the Nashik districts farmers field those are adopted this technology. Two crop demonstrations and 2 OFTs were conducted on fertigation at 18 farmer's field on grape and pomegranate crops to confirm the results. Three demonstrated on foliar feeding concept at 22 famer's fields on the crop pomegranate, sugarcane and wheat along with three OFTs at 30 farmers field on tomato, cotton and sugarcane crop was conducted to verify the outcome. Literature with crop wise fertigation and foliar spray schedules developed and distributed among the farmers for awareness generation. First time introduced this concept among the in the district

With increasing awareness among the farmers due to various programmes implemented by KVK, there was a higher demand from the farmers for soluble and spray grades. However availability of these inputs in rural area was a main problem. Therefore the KVK has taken a decision to make available soluble and spray grades through our farmers service center in the year 1999.

The spray grades are made available in the villages at our IT centers and FIACs to fulfill the increasing demand of the farmers. The innovative farmer's club members play a key role in standardization of crop schedules and farmers club, FIACs and Agribusiness & Agriclinic students for the outreach of this technology in the district and aboard


Output:

  • Knowledge and awareness the fertigation and foliar nutrients application accepted by the farmers
  • The wide adoption of the spray grades were noticed i.e. grape 65 per cent, pomegranates 35 per cent, soybean 42 per cent, cotton 25 per cent, wheat 22 per cent, vegetables 25 per cent and 12 per cent in sugarcane.
  • During the last nine years, the KVK has made available 55,675 kg soluble fertilizer and 10,898 kg spray grades to 4199 farmers from 172 villages of 22 tehsils and 05 districts.
  • Regular use of spray grades to reduce the yellowing and flower drop problem in problematic soil
  • The rose grower Shri. Dyaneshwar Jejurkar harvesting rose totally on spray grades without application of any chemical fertilizers in the soil.

Adoption percentage of spray grades for different crops


Outcome:

  • Farmers have reduced the soil application of chemical fertilizers by 15 mper cent with 20 per cent increase in the crop production
  • The quality of the agriculture produce improved like color, TSS, keeping quality, size etc
  • Reduced the initial yellowing problem of soybean in problematic within 4-5 days
  • Tissue test analysis along with foliar feeding and fertigation become the common practice in the grape growers for export quality production
  • Foliar feeding concept popularized among the farmers
  • Critical inputs to optimize the nutrients content in the plant after deficiency diagnosis by tissue analysis technique in grape and pomegranate
  • Synchronizing the flowering period in pomegranate in deep soils


The decline in the sale of soluble fertilizers through KVK is due to availability of these inputs in the agro service centers due to high awareness among the farmers. Spray grade demand has also increased but remained constant. The adoption of spray grade is much more but now available in different agro service centers.


Impact:

  • Initially these fertilizers were only used for horticultural crops but later on farmers have started to use them for field crops, vegetables and fodder crops also.
  • A emerge as a critical inputs for export quality grape and pomegranate production
  • Due to high demand of these fertilizers almost all the agro service centers have started the supply these inputs in the district.
  • The spray grades were initially called "Poshak" but now the farmers know the details about the various spray grades and its use according to the stage of the crops
  • Farmers realized that the foliar feeding is importance at critical growth stages of the crops
  • Other departments also started advising this concept to the farmers


Organic Farming

Situation: The intensive cultivation practices with the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and hybrid varieties have not only polluted the soil water and the environment but also affected the soil and human health. The productivity in many crops has shown declining trends. There is development of resistance among the pests against many pesticides. Heavy irrigation in command area combined with indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers has resulted in deposition of salts in soil leading to salinity-alkalinity problems eventually leading to unprofitable agriculture.  In view of these issues and problems, KVK has made an intervention to provide low cost eco-friendly production technology for sustaining the livelihood security of the farming community. 


Technological intervention: Various eco-friendly crop production techniques like crop rotation, green manuring, trash mulching, use of compost, animal and plant waste, vermicompost, bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and botanical extracts are being used in integration to conserve the natural resources. It is equally important to minimize the cost of production as well as to protect human health and environment through intensive application of eco-friendly methods of organic farming. Similarly employment generation to rural youths need to be achieved through production and supply of various biological inputs like bio-pesticides and bio-fertilizers. There is wide scope for promoting the export of agricultural commodities through group certification of organic farms.   These objectives were thought out by KVK while implementing organic farming programme in the villages.


Inputs: From the inception of the KVK, major focus was given on promotion of organic farming concept and for which different projects and inputs-services were started at KVK. Eco-friendly inputs like pheromone traps, neem oil, bio-pesticides and bio-fertilizers were provided to the farmers in the village level.  At the same time production units of bio-pesticides, bio-fertilizers and vermicompost have been established for the continuous and quality supply of the inputs to the farmers. A book on organic farming was written by the Programme Coordinator Dr.Bhaskar Gaikwad in 1995 and received the best book as well as maximum circulation awards.

The state level seminar on organic farming was organized in the year 1998 for three days in which farmers from different parts of the state participated.   The seminar was first of its kind in the state where the organic cultivators and the scientists had an open brainstorming and from this many organic farming promoters were developed in the state.  These experts are working in their area.

For generating the awareness and convincing the farmers regarding environment friendly agriculture practices various projects were implemented. During the 1998-2001 a biological control of crop pests and diseases project funded by DBT was implemented in 5 villages on different crops. Production and use of botanical pesticides, bio-village concepts have been implemented with the financial support CAPART during the year 20002-2003 under this project 200 crop demonstration conducted at the farmers to confirm the outcome of the botanical pesticides on various crops. During the period 2003-2006 under the CAPART organic farming project, some package of practices and technical conclusions were drawn with regard to standardization of botanical pesticides, proper methods for application of bio-pesticides and bio-fertilizers as well as low cost method of vermicompost production. The organic farming project was implemented in 20 villages, the organic methods of crop production were demonstrated on10 cultivated crops at the farmers filed continuously for three years on the same plot and soil and crop parameters are recorded to show the impact of the organic farming to the farmers. Through this project necessary demonstrations of organic farming were organized with 200 farmers and farmwomen on 80 ha area continuously for three years.   Trainings on all aspects of the organic cultivation were organized for the farmers in the villages for wider adoption of this concept. A model organic farm of mango is developed on KVK demonstration farm.

KVK has also used this technical intervention among farmers through group approach employing a strong network of 145 Farmers Clubs. The efforts were disseminated on large scale with the help of mass media, articles in news papers, AIR programmes, TV programmes to percolate the concept among the farmers. The exposure visits of farmers were also organized in neighboring districts to visit certified organic farming plots. Two Video CDs on organic farming for agricultural and horticultural crops were developed for circulation among the farming community. Two exhibitions were organized in the KVK campus particularly for promotion on this concept by exhibiting various inputs as well as products. The KVK has develop a linkage between producer and the marketing agencies and marketing arrangement through SHGs stall at Tahsil and district places


Output:

  • Increased awareness about the ill effects of chemicals on health and

environment resulting in change in the attitude to adopt the organic methodologies of agriculture in the vicinity of the target population.

  • Adoption of bio-pesticides and bio-fertilizers among the contact farmers

has increased

  • Use of organic mulching in sugarcane and horticultural crops has become

a routine practice

  • Recycling of crop residues through vermicomposting
  • The organic farming concept adoption is 55-60 per cent in mango, chiku and guava and 15-20 per cent in other crops
  • The organic concept has been adopted by 200 farmers on 80 ha area in adopted villages. The diffusion taken place in the other area of the district on 245 ha area in different crops


Outcome:

  • Vermicompost production units were started by 378 farmers and

farmwomen in the surrounding villages.

  • Organic farming indicated positive effect soil health. The average soil pH decrease from 8.13 to 7.98, average Ec deceases from 0.66 to 0.46 mmhos/cm and increase soil organic carbon from 0.49 to 0.56 per cent in three years
  •  The yield remain same but reduction in cost of cultivation the net profit increased by 3000-3500/ha in seasonal crops and 6000-6500 in fruit crops
  • Developed 20 resource persons on organic farming concept
  • Concept of organic milk production has started by one farmer and

producing daily 200-300 lit milk.

  • One farmer has been started exporting the vermicompost and earning the

foreign exchange.

  • Organic product marketing has been started by one group by formation of

company in Pune.

  • Two contact farmers of KVK are producing their horticultural crops like mango and lime by adopting the eco-friendly practices and they have sold their organic produce in the local market.


Impact:

  • After KVK's long term efforts, the concept of eco-friendly farming has started to gain momentum among the farming community.
  • Contributed to conservation of bio-diversity and natural resources
  • Considerable reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides
  • KVK has become a resource center for state agriculture department and

NGOs in the state

  • The KVIC has appointed the one of our entrepreneur as a resource person for training on vermicompost production

       Package of practices developed by KVK for organic cultivation of field crops and horticulture crop have been adopted by state agriculture department, NGOs


   

 

             

 

 


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It's really great to find out

It's really great to find out such a nice informative post. I have a nursery. I prefer to use bio fertilizer in my garden. Your post shared some quality information on composting. I'm here to ask you for providing some information regarding companion plants which can be planted with Roses. Waiting for the required information. Thanks in advance.

Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.