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Methods of sowing of Wheat

Methods of sowing of Wheat

Wheat is sown chiefly by four methods which are briefly described below.

a. Broadcasting: In this method, the seeds are broadcast and then worked in by harrowing in order to cover them or else, in addition to germination loss, birds too may pick them. In this method, seeds are not uniformly distributed, therefore, it should not be encouraged. Further, germination of broadcast seeds is relatively poor and the plant stand is often irregular. Wastage of seeds also results because most of the seeds are left on the surface where they cannot germinate.

b. Behind local plough: It is a very popular method and majority of farmers use this method. This method consists of dropping the seeds by hand into the furrows which have been opened by the local plough. When seed is dropped in furrows by hand, it is called kera method and when it is dropped through a pora or nai (a wooden structure), it is called pora method. In this method, seeds are dropped at a depth of 5-6 cm and germination is satisfactory.

c. Drilling: In this method seed drill is used for sowing. With the help of this implement seeds are dropped at uniform depth and results in satisfactory germination and regular stand. Seed bed should be fine and well leveled, free from clods and weeds for the use of seed drill. Seed drills are easily available in the market. They may be either bullock driven or tractor driven. Now-a-days ferti-seed drills are also available in which there is provision for fertilizer application. The depth and rate of seeds/ fertilizers is controlled by certain devices attached to it.

d. Dibbling: This method is used where supply of seed is limited. Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as dibbler. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and then lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the hole. It is not a common method because sowing by this method is tedious and time consuming. However, this method can be practiced in small areas to obtain even and satisfactory germination of seedlings.

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.