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Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth

ABOUT US: The Maharashtra Krishi Vidyapeeth, http://mpkv.mah.nic.in, Rahuri is established on March 29, 1968 and subsequently named as Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV) after a great social reformer "Mahatma Jyotiba Phule". The Campus is situated 160 km from Pune on Pune-Delhi highway in Ahmednagar district.
The basic mandates assigned to this University are advancement in teaching, research and imparting extension education to the farmers of the State. There are four Agricultural Universities in the State, catering the similar services in their locality. The jurisdiction of Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri extends over Western Maharashtra covering ten districts.
The University has two faculties namely Agriculture and Agricultural Engineering. The under-graduate and post-graduate programmes are offered in both faculties. The University also deals with lower agricultural education through Agricultural Schools, Mali Training Centre and Training's for Livestock Supervisors.

The University has a very good network of research stations spread over different agro-climatic zones. In all 23 research stations, 4 State level specialists and 16 research testing/verification centers are located in different agro-climatic zones in addition to 4 Zonal research stations.
Of the three fold functions, it is mandatory on the part of the University to transfer the technology from the research centers to the ultimate users through extension education programme.

EDUCATION/ACADEMICS:  Agricultural education is aimed at creation of scientific and technical manpower for obtaining the highest production and productivity in each farm system to achieve goal of self-sufficiency and export of agricultural produce. Educational activities can be broadly classified into two main categories i) Higher Education and ii) Lower Education.

i) Higher Education:

Higher education includes graduate and post-graduate instructional programmes. There are three agricultural colleges located at Dhule, Pune and Kolhapur offering B.Sc. (Agri) and M.Sc. (Agri) (only at Pune) degree programmes in agriculture. Agricultural Engineering College located at Rahuri offers B.Tech. (Agril.Engg.) and M.Tech. (Agril.Engg.) and P.G. Institute at Rahuri is imparting training leading to M.Sc. (Agri.) and Ph.D. degrees in various branches of agriculture. Total admission capacity in colleges of Agriculture is 508, Agricultural Engineering 50 and Horticulture 20 per annum.

ii) Lower Education:

It comprises of two year's diploma course in agriculture. The GTCs are imparting training to the village level workers and KVKs offer skill oriented training to the self employed rural youths and cultivators. There are eight agriculture schools, two GTCs and one KVK in the jurisdiction of the university. Besides, the university has been encouraging NGOs to start short term skill oriented need based training programmes.

RESEARCH: The MPKV has released number of varieties of important crops of the region. These varieties are further developed and tested rigorously at the testing/verification research centers of the University as well as on the farmers' fields under different agro-climatic conditions. Some of the varieties are very popular and has increased the remarkable production in this State as well as in the country. In addition to crop varieties, the University has developed numerous techniques in all the fields of related agricultural sciences.

Research Activities are carried on various programmes:

Crop improvement programme
The important cultivated crops in the jurisdiction of the University are sorghum, pearl-millet (bajra), rice, pigeon pea (tur), groundnut and cotton in kharif wheat, safflower, gram in rabi. The sugarcane, cotton, grapes, citrus, banana, pomegranate, onion, chillies and vegetables are the important commercial crops. Some of the important achievements are listed below:

Cereal crops
Sorghum and bajra are the important kharif foodgrain crops. The University has recently released the variety of sorghum "Phule Yashoda" (SPV-1359). The sorghum variety Phule Mauli (RSLG-262) is a drought resistant variety recommended for light to medium soil and its yield under rainfed conditions is 12-15 q/ha. Improved variety of sorghum APV-504 (Swati) released by the University is recommended for rabi tracts.

Pulse Crops
Gram is an important pulse crop cultivated in Rabi season. The University has developed improved varieties viz. Vikas (G-1), Vishwas (G-5), G-12, Vijay and Vishal. The variety Vishwas yields 28-30 q/ha under irrigated conditions, however, its yield is 10-11 q/ha under rain fed conditions. The variety Vijay is a drought tolerant and yields 15-16 q/ha under rain fed conditions. The variety Vishal with attractive and bold grain is recommended for irrigated conditions which yields 30-35 q/ha. Under rainfed conditions its yield is 14-15 q/ha.

Forage Crops
The University has made useful contributions in the field of forage crops and developed high yielding varieties viz. African Tall maize, Gaint bajra, Ruchira sorghum, Yeshwant napier grass, and Sweta chavali which are became popular among the cultivators.

Arid Horticulture

The University has made valuable contribution in the field of dry land horticulture and popularised improved varieties of ber viz. Umran, Kadaka, Sanur No.6, Gola, Illaichi and Punjab Chuhhara and developed prunning technology for high yield of better quality fruits.

Vegetable Crops
The department of Hoticulture has developed Vaishali and Krishna varieties of brinjal, Godavari of garlic, Agnirekha of chilli, Hirkani of bittergourd, Himangi of cucumber, Samrat of bottlegourd, Dhanashri and Bhagyashri varieties and Rajashri hybrid of tomato.

Floriculture Crops

The University has initiated research work on floriculture crop and standardized the pulsing treatments for gladiolus, roses, gerbera and carnation to improve the vase life of cut flower and finalized packaging treatments for various types of flowers. There are also many Improved Crop varieties/hybrid developed by the Universities. These can be categorized as Millets, Pulses, Oilseeds, Forage Crops, Cash Crops, Fruits and vegetables.

EXTENSION: Agriculture must continuously move forward for which adoption of newer methods of farming becomes imperative. The University helps in assessment of refinement of latest agricultural technologies to be disseminated to farmers, extension functionaries and other agencies involved in development of agriculture. University has constituent and affiliated Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) which are located in each district. The University has recently launched innovative technology assessment and refinement project for institute cum village linkage programme (IVLP). The concept is based on participatory mode, ensuring greater scientists cum farmers linkage in predominant bottom-up approch. Considering role of women in Agriculture and allied activities, the University has also undertaken the programme for training and involvement of women in agriculture.
The Agricultural Universities are entrusted with the responsibility of extension education activities which include imparting education as training of extension personnel-Village Extension Workers (VEWs), Subject Matter Specialists (SMSs), facials of developments like forestry, fisheries, banks etc. and farmers with up to date technology with methods of communication. It includes the activities executed through demonstrations, meetings, discussions, farmers rallies, training, use of publicity material and communication media. The principal objective of all extension education activities is to develop necessary skills and knowledge of improved agricultural technology among the extension functionaries to increase the agricultural production.
With a view to fulfill the mandatory requirements of extension education, the extension activities are undertaken by the University through the following units:

1. Agricultural college extension block: With a view, to give practical training in the subject of agricultural extension to students of agricultural colleges
2. Extension education scheme: To test and transfer the improved technology time to time in adjoining area of the respective research and educational institutes, the scheme for development of extension education is initiated.
3. Extension research scheme:  Research sub-section was attached to the Extension Wing of the College of Agriculture, Pune, Dhule and Kolhapur with an intension to undertake research, review of the extension development programme, the feedback in respect of adoption of new technology by farmers about improved technology, to study impact in respect of socio-economic development of community people with introduction of different development programme.
4. Training and Visit system: The Agricultural Universities have been assigned the training component of the scheme. It includes elevation of technical skills and competence of extension workers in agriculture. Under the system, five Extension Agronomists are functioning in the jurisdiction of this University. The Extension Agronomists have been involved in organizing monthly district workshops, refresher course, subject matter seminar-cum-workshops, crop production technology orientation courses, pre-seasonal training courses, shetkari melawas and farm trials through extension functionaries provided in the system.
5. Krishi Vigyan Kendras: The Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Farm Science Centre) was established in 1983 at Agriculture College, Dhule with a view to cater the training needs of tribal areas in Dhule district and adjoining districts. The programme of the KVK includes conducting short duration institutional training programmes of 1 to 7 days duration, non-institutional training programmes and other activities including field days, farmers' rallies, publicity through film show, lab-to-land programme, front line demonstration and on-farm trials, organizing of Mahila Mandal and related programmes for the grass-root level workers and farmers in selected areas. Special training courses are organized in poultry keeping, dairy farming, and goatery, raising of nursery, tailoring, child development, fruit preservation and making of handicraft material for generating self employment in the tribal communities.

6. Communication Centre: The Communication Centre of the University was established in the year May 1982 with the financial assistance of ICAR New Delhi, for 5 years. The centre is established for effective use of mass media in transfer of technology. The unit produces literature for the farmers and extension workers viz., folders, booklets, magazines, krishi darshani and organizes publicity of news items, exhibitions, preparation and production of audio-visual aids, broadcasting of agricultural programmes in transfer of technology through All India Radio and Doordarshan, and organizing public relating media for communication of agricultural technology and guidance through correspondence.

7. Pilot project on technology assessment and refinement through institution-village linkages: The research system has generated very useful results for synthesis of appropriate technologies for farmers. However, it has not been possible to develop and integrate the results in the form of appropriate technology for different production systems, the essential conditions of which are adequate understanding of the farming situations, resource availability and needs and aspirations of farmers having different socio-economic and cultural background. This is mainly due to the lack of appropriate scientist-farmers linkages. Therefore, the need for change in technology transfer approach was felt. With this broad perspective ICAR has decided to implement Pilot Project on "Technology Assessment and Refinement through Institution-Village Linkages."
The project gives central importance to the farmers' perspectives, needs, resource endowment and real life situations. The project bases itself on Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques.
There are two teams viz., Core and Optional teams of multidisciplinary scientists at each centre for the implementation of the pilot project. The information in a comprehensive manner on various farming situations and resource availability, various changes, needs and aspirations of farm families of the selected Wadala and Darphal of Solapur centre was obtained. The information gathered through PRA tools was carefully documented. The farmers were then asked to identify their problems, find out their causes and come out with solution measures. Further the identified problems were classified and priorities were given by the group of farmers based on their farming situations so as to fulfill their immediate needs. Then the core team scientists in consultation with participating farmers have formulated 'Technological Modules' suitable for various production system categories.

8. Participation of scientists/teachers: The scientists / teachers usually undertake extension activities either by themselves or in group together in different magnitudes. The activities undertaken usually includes - field demonstration, visit to farmers' fields, visit to farm trials, group discussion, farmers rallies, exhibitions, answering queries through correspondence, writing transfer of technology articles in newspapers and magazines, radio and television.

With the help of communication media like radio, TV, newspapers efforts are being made for the rapid dissemination of improved technologies. We have good rapport with the development departments and NGOs which helps in getting feed back of field problems. This helps in reorienting the research programme making it need based and problem oriented. The university is publishing Krishi Darshani, a diary incorporating useful findings of research as well as the university news and 'Shri Sugi' (University Magazine) for kharif, rabi and summer seasons.

9.   Agricultural Technology Information Centre
10. Regional Extension Centers

 

ADDRESS: Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth

                  Rahuri-413722, Maharashtra

                  Tel No. 02426-243208 Fax no. 02426-243302

LINKS: (i) csauknp@hotmail.com, (ii) root@hpkv.hp.nic.in, (iii) kauhqr@ren.nic.in, (iv) nduat@up.nic.in, (v) root@apau.ap.nic.in, (vi)           root@hau.pnp.nic.in

 

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.