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Macrophomina root & rot (Macrophomina phaseolina) of Chickpea

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Macrophomina root & rot Macrophomina phaseolina of Chickpea

Damage

  • The disease appears from flowering to podding stage as scattered dried plants.
  • The leaves and stem are become straw colored.
  • Affected plants wither and spread across the entire field.
  • The roots of infected plants become brittle and dry.

 

                                     

 

Survival & Favourable Conditions

  • Maximum temperatures above 30 degree and dry soil conditions and moisture stress promote
    disease development.

Cultural Control

  • Deep ploughing in summer
  • Grow cultivars resistant to dry root rot.
  • Drought should be avoided.
  • Sowing should always be done on the recommended time.
  • Germinating and young seedlings should be saved from high temperatures.

Chemical Control

  • Seed treatment with a mixture of Carbendazim 1.5 g and Thiram 1.5 g per kg of seed.
  • Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride formulation + 3 g thiram per kg seed can reduce the disease incidence.

 

 

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