Intercropping refers to growing more than one crop in the same land area in rows of definite proportion and pattern
Sorghum intercrop with pigeonpea Maize intercrop with pigeonpea Soya beans intercrop with pigeonpea Pigeonpea in between banana plantation
In the traditional intercropping systems, pigeonpea is grown in association with cereals (Sorghum, Millet and Maize), oilseeds, short-duration grain legumes (pulses), or cotton.
An ideal intercropping should aim to:
- produce higher yields per unit area through better use of natural resources.
- offer greater stability in production under biotic and abiotic stresses.
- meet the domestic needs of the farmer.
- provide an equitable distribution of farm resources.
- Pigeonpea-cereal intercrop is most common practice. Sorghum, pearl millet, maize, finger millet are intercropped with tall, and medium- to long-duration pigeonpea cultivars.
- Pigeonpea-oilseed intercroppping is becoming popular. Groundnut, soybean, and sesame are the oilseed crops.
- Pigeonpea is intercropped with a short-duration pulse crop (mung bean, cowpea, black gram, chickpea) both with early- and late-maturing pigeonpea cultivars.
- Pigeonpea is also intecropped with plantation crops (mango, citrus, banana, sugarcane, coconut)
Intercropping of pigeonpea with different crops
Inter crop Sowing pattern Ratio of component crops Cereal combinations Sorghum + Pigeonpea Paired rows at 30:30:60 cm. 2:1 Pearl millet + Pigeonpea Paired rows at 30:30:60 cm. 2:1 Maize + Pigeonpea Paired rows at 40:40:80 cm. or Uniform rows at 60 cm. 2:1 Pigeonpea + upland Rice Uniform rows at 60-75 cm. 2:2 Legume combinations Pigeonpea + Groundnut Uniform rows at 75-90 cm. 2:2 Pigeonpea + Soybean,Mung Bean or Black Gram
Uniform rows at 75 cm. or Uniform rows at 50 cm. 2:1
Sunflower inctercrop with pigeonpea Pigeonpea in between mango orchard
Pigeonpea grown under coconut plantation Ginger under pigeonpea