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Groundnut Varieties

VARIETIES

The varieties under cultivation fall into three groups in respect of the habit of growth, namely bunch (Spanish), semi-spreading (Virginia bunch) and spreading (Virginia runner). In the bunch group, the plants grow erect, possess light-green foliage, produce pods in clusters at the base of the plant and have round, plump non-dormant seeds, with light-rose testa. In the case of the semi-spreading and spreading varieties, the branches trail either partially or completely on the sur- face of the soil, produce pods all along them, possess dark-green foliage and have oblong, dormant brownish seeds. The semi-spreading and spreading types are usually heavier yielding and later-maturing than the bunch varieties. The improved varieties recommended for cultivation in different states are listed in the Table on the next page.

Important points for obtaining maximum Yields

1. Using the improved variety recommended for the tract
2. Using good and bold seeds for sowing.
3. Treating seed with fungicide, e.g. Captan or Thiriin, at the rate of 4 g 1 kg of seed.
4. Inoculating seed with a culture of Rhizobium in the.

State

Variety

Habit

Virginia/
Spanish

Group

Pedigree

Gujrat


















'Ah.32'

Bunch

Spanish

Introduction

Yields 1,150 kg of pods/ha under rainfed conditions with 48.1% oil

'Junagadh-II'

Bunch

Spanish

Ah.4218x
Ah.4354

Yields 1,400 kg of pods/ha with 49.6% oil

'GAUG-1'
'Junagadh-113'

Bunch

Spanish

AK.10x
AK.12-24

Yields 1,500 kg of pods/ha with 50.2% oil

'Punjab-I'

Spreading

Virginia

Introduction

Yields 1,700 kg of pods/ha with 49.4% oil

'Ah.334'

Spreading

Virgina

Introduction

Yields 1,400 kg of pods/ha with 47.6% oil

'GAUG-2'
(4-16)

Spreading

Virginia

G. 221-31x
Go-343

Yields 1,950 kg of pods/ha with 50.0% oil

'TMV-2'

Bunch

Spanish

Introduction

Yields 1,000kg of pods/ha under rainfed conditions with 49.4% oil

'Spanish'
Improved'
Kadiri-71.1

Bunch

Spreading

Spanish

Virginia

Introduction

Selection from
Ah. 288

Yields 1,250 kg of pods/ha with 52% oil. Drought-tolerant
Yields 1,390 kg of pods/ha with 47% oil. Moderately resistant to the tibba disease

'TMV-2'

Bunch

Spanish

Mass selection
from 'Gudia-
them bunch'

Yields 1,100-1,650 kg of pods/ha with 49.4% oil. A cosmopolitan variety. oil.Drought-tolerant.

'TMV-3'

Spreading

Virginia

Pure line selection from 'Bassi' of W. Africa
from Saloum
of W. Africa

Yields 1,450kg of pods with 49.7% oil.

'TMV-4'

Spreading

Virginia

Pure line from N.Carolina variety

Yields 1,450kg of pods/ha with 49.4% oil.Has high parcentage of 3-4 seeded pods. Suited to irrigated conditions.

'TMV-6'

Semi-spreading

Virginia

Pure line from Virginia bunch

Yields 950kg of pods/ha with 48% oil.A table variety.

'TMV-7'

Bunch

Spanish

Pure line from Tennessee White

Yields 1,400kg of pods/ha with 49.6% oil. Kernels bold with dormancy for 10 days.

'TMV-8'

Semispreading

Virginia

Pure line from Manaparai local

Yields 1,600kg of pods/ha with 50.1% oil.

'TMV-9'

Bunch

Spanish

Ah.3490xAh.477

Yields 1,530kg of pods under rainfed conditions and 1,900kg/ha under irrigation. Oil ocntent 51.4% Seed dormancy 20 days Tolerant to tibba and rust.

'TMV-10'

Semi-spreading

Virginia

Spontaneous mutant from Argentina variety

Yields 1,650kg of pods/ha with 54.4% oil.Testa varigated.

'pol.1'

Bunch

Spanish

Pure line from a Malaysian variety

Yields 1,450kg of pods/ha with 46.6% oil.

'pol.2'

Bunch

Spanish

Pollachi redxAh.2105

Yields 1,500kg of pods/ha with 47.4% oil.

Karnataka

'S-206'
'S-230

Bunch
Spreading

Spanish
Viriginia

Pure line
Pure line

Yields 1,000-1,200 kg of pods/ha with 50% oil
Yields 1,200-1,300 kg of pods/ha with 50% oil

Maharashtra






'AK.12-24'

Bunch

Spanish

Selection

Yields 1,250kg of pods/hah with 50% oil

'Kopergaon-3'

Bunch

Spanish

Selection

Yields 900kg of pods/ha with 47% oil. Preferred as a stable variety

'Kopergaon-1'

Semi-spreading

Virginia

Selection

Yields 1,020kg of pods/ha with 48% oil. Suitable for medium to heavy soils

'Improved Spanish Peanut'

Bunch

Spanish

Selection

Yields 1,020kg of pods/ha with 50% oil. Early-maturing (95 days.)

'Improved Small Japan'

Bunch

Spanish

Selection

Yields 830kg of pods/ha with 50% oil.Mature in 95 days.

'Karad 4-11'

Spreading

Virginia

Selection

Yields 1,700kg of pods/ha with 48% oil.

Madhya Pradesh


'KG-61-240'
(Jyothi)
'Gangapuri'

Bunch
Bunch

Spanish
Valencia

.......
.......

Yields 2,650kg of pods/ha with 53.3% oil
Yields 2,000kg of pods/ha with 49.5%oil. Early maturing type with 3-4 seeded pods

'Exotic-5'

Bunch

Spanish

.......

Yields 1,120kg of pods/ha with 47.1% oil.

Punjab




'Punjab-1'

Bunch

Spanish
Valencia

Selection from Samrala local

Yields 1,500kg of pods/ha with 49% oil. Widely adapted

'C-501'

Semi-spreading

Virginia

D-3xAh.477

Yields 1,700kg of pods/ha with 48% oil. Moderately resistant to tibba

'M-145'

Spreading

Virginia

A-1-1xD 3

Yields 1,600kg of pods/ha with 49.5% oil.

'M-13'

Sperading

Virginia

Selection from NC-13

Yields 3,000kg of pods/ha with 49.5% oil. Bold-seeded and moderately resistant to tibba


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