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Fruit setting, however, takes place in the latter part of flowering and is completed during the last 10 to 15 days. It takes about 8 weeks for the fruits to mature from the date of setting. Fruit drop is a serious problem during initial stages (2-3 weeks) of growth.

A spray of 10 mg of auxin dissolved in one litre during fruit setting stage effectively controls the drop. Fruit cracking is a problem during later stages of fruit growth.

Maintaining high soil moisture regime throughout the fruit development period greatly helps in minimising fruit dropping, according to Mr. Ramadhar.

The fruits have a short shelf-life. Harvesting at right maturity, packaging, temperature maintenance during storage, and transport are critical factors that, if properly managed, can prolong the storage and shelf-life of the fruits to as long as six weeks, he explained.

"It is the usual practice of litchi growers to generally lease out their standing crop to contractors, usually for one year just before the flowering season.

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litchi grown state

Bihar (Muzzafarpur, East Champaran Samastipur, Vaisali, Bhagalpur), West Bengal (Murshidabad, 24-Paraganas), Assam (Kamrup, Sonitpur, Bongaigaon), Punjab (Ropar, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur), Uttar Pradesh (Saharanpur), Uttaranchal ( Pithaurgarh, Nainital, Dehradun,Hardwar).

Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.