Etawah- Pilot Project
The idea of starting this project was conceived and born in 1947. It was put into action with headquarters at Mahewa village about 17 miles from Etawah (U.P.) in September, 1948. First 64 villages, which were then increased to 97, were covered under this project. Lt.col. Albert Mayer of USA, who came to India with the American forces in 1944, was the originator of this project for his scheme, assistance was given by USA and UP Government.
Mayer studied all the other projects and form them he came to the conclusion that:
- A programme should be based on the need of the people.
- This programme should be extended by conducting demonstration and evaluation work.
- The programme should include cottage industries development so that subsidiary occupation could be developed.
- A project has to be well organized and planned.
- Rural development should take into account all the aspects of the human being. It is not enough to have a programme for just one class or group of people.
In this project major emphasis was given on increasing agricultural production by the use of green manure, better seeds, agricultural implements fertilizers, adult education and reactivation of saline soils.
Characteristics of the scheme:
- The extension workers were known as a colleague.
- These colleagues met villagers informally and discussed their specific problems.
- They kept personal touch and personal contact with them.
- Colleagues were educated upto graduate level.
- There were counsellors behind colleagues, who guided them in technical aspects.
Submitted by kiran yadav on Sat, 19/06/2010 - 09:00