10. Early Warning and Forecasting of Drought
Drought in the Indian region can be monitored from the progress of onset and withdrawal of southwest monsoon. Weather forecasts broadly can be classified into three categories viz., (i) short range forecast (validity for less than 3 days), (ii) medium range forecast (validity from 3-10 days period), and (iii) long range forecast (validity for more than 10 days). These forecasts are issued by the India Meteorological Department through All India Radio, Doordarshan, private channels and various Newspapers. The National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast in the department of Science and Technology disseminates weather related information through its network of 82 Agro-met Advisory Service (AAS) units located mainly in State Agricultural Universities and ICAR institutes. The ICAR funded All India Coordinated Research Project on Agro-meteorology is operative at 22 centres in the country. The main objectives of this project are: characterization of climate, crop-weather relations, crop weather modeling, weather related forewarning of incidence of diseases and pests and agro advisory service to the farmers. Some private companies are also collecting and trading weather information to bankers, insurance and forward trading agencies.
Ministry of Agriculture, GOI.