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Diversified uses of Safflower

Honey

Safflower being a cross pollinated crop, apiary can be set up which not only improves the fertilization and seed yield but also provides additional income in the form of honey.

Hull

Markets for hulls have not been found and crushers generally leave the hulls in the meal although removing them would lower the fibre content and raise the feed value of the meal. Hulls were used for presto-logs for fireplaces in the early 1950's. Among the potential uses,

  • Filler for paper products, a dense, hard surfaced product
  • Filler for baked bricks and ceramic produces light porous bricks
  • Filler for insulation
  • Insulation to keep steel ingots from cooling too rapidly
  • supporting material fro hydroponic culture
  • Soil diluent for seeding
  • Packing material for fragile items
  • Additive for drilling mud
  • Low ash fuel burns readily, but is bulky charcoal briquette manufacture might also yield useful volatile materials

Pollen

The pollen is esteemed in China because it is easily collected and contains many nutrients.

Meal

The meal left after oil extraction from the decorticated seed is used for animal feed, while that obtained from undecorticated seeds is used for manure.

Seed

Safflower seeds are commonly used as bird seed, especially for members of the parrot family and pigeons (Canada, USA, France, Egypt and Japan).

In Iran, a paste of seeds is used to hasten cheese curd formation.

In Ethiopia, finely pounded safflower kernels are mixed with water to prepare a drink called "fitfit", which is used on fast days.

Roasted seeds, generally mixed with chickpeas, barley or wheat are eaten as snack food in Ethiopia and Sudan.

In India also, safflower seed is used for confectionary purposes, specially in West Bengal where roasted seeds are eaten.

In parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh the seeds are used to make chutney.

Whole plant

The tender leaves, shoots and thinnings of safflower are valued as pot-herb and salad. They are high in vitamin A, iron, phosphorus and calcium. Budles of young seedlings are commonly sold as a green vegetable in markets in India and some neighbouring countries.

Safflower stalks at harvest are cellolose rich and can be used as an alternate source of lingnocellulosic material for pulp and board industry and can be used to make craft paper, particle boards.

Ornamental uses

Because of its tough, fibrous nature, parts of the safflower plant have used as decorative material for centuries. Safflower was planted in the garden to use both as cut flowers and as a source of food colouring. Once dried, these plants were very stable and could be employed in dried flower arrangements with straw flowers and other dried ornamental material. Plants were cut and dried for use in a display in which the safflower plant was the cetral object of attention.

 

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