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Crop producing biodiesel

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BIODIESEL PRODUCTING CROPS

Rajeew Kumar

G.B.Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar-Uttrakhand

 

Many oil-based substances can be used to produce biodiesel eg. Vegetable oils such as canola, soy bean, palm, corn, hemp, coconut, sunflower, and olive. Crops given in table 1 can be utilized for the preparation of biodiesel.

  Biodiesel producing crops and their yield

Crops

Botanical Name

         **Kg Oil/hectare

Crops

Botanical Name

**Kg Oil/hectare

Corn

Zea mays

145

Tung oil tree

Aleurites fordii

790

Cashew nut

Anacardium occidentale

148

Sunflower

Helianthus annuus

800

Oat

Avena sativa

183

Cocoa

Theobroma cacao

863

Palm

Erythea salvadorensis

189

Peanut

Arachis hypogaea

890

Lupine

Lupinus albus

195

Opium poppy

Papaver somniferum

978

Rubber seed

Hevea brasiliensis

217

Rapeseed

Brassica napus

1000

Kenaf

Hibiscus cannabinus L.

230

Olive tree

Olea europaea

1019

Calendula

Calendula officinalis

256

Paiassava

Attalea funifera

1112

Cotton

Gossypium hirsutum

273

Gopher plant

Euphorbia lathyris

1119

Hemp

Cannabis sativa

305

Castor bean

Ricinus communis

1188

Soybean

Glycine max

375

Bacuri

Platonia insignis

1197

Coffee

Coffea arabica

386

Pecan

Carya illinoensis

1505

Linseed

Linum usitatissimum

402

Jojoba

Simmondsia chinensis

1528

Hazelnut

Corylus avellana

405

Babassu palm

Orbignya martiana

1541

Euphorbia

Euphorbia lagascae

440

Jatropha

Jatropha curcas

1590

Pumpkin seed

Cucurbita pepo

449

Macadamia nut

Macadamia terniflora

1887

Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

450

Brazil nut

Bertholletia excelsa

2010

Mustard

Brassica alba

481

Avocado

Persea americana

2217

Camelina

Camelina sativa

490

Coconut

Cocos nucifera

2260

Sesame

Sesamum indicum

585

Oiticia

Licania rigida

2520

Crambe

Crambe abyssinica

589

Buriti palm

Mauritia flexuosa

2743

Safflower

Carthamus tinctorius

655

Pequi

Caryocar brasiliense

3142

Buffalo gourd

Cucurbita foetidissima

665

Macauba palm

Acrocomia aculeata

3775

Rice

Oriza sativa L.

696

Oil palm

Elaeis guineensis

5000

** Maximum capacity of oil production

 

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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.