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Characteristics of sesamum varieties

Characteristics of sesamum varieties

Some of the recommended varieties of sesamum are described below.

1. T-4

  • It is recommended for growing in Uttar Pradesh for its alluvial sesamum growing areas.
  • It is a moderate branching variety and takes about 100 days to mature.
  • Its yield is 6-7 quintals per hectare, having 52% oil.
  • Seeds are white in colour.

2. T-12

  • It is a selection from local material of Almora, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Plant is, 145 cm in height with 4-6 branches.
  • It matures in 85 days.
  • Seeds are white in colour.
  • It yields 6-10 quintals per hectare, having 53% oil.
  • It is suitable for central region of Uttar Pradesh.

3. T-13

  • It is a white seeded variety.
  • It takes 90 days to mature.
  • Plant height is 130 cm with 4-5 branches.
  • It gives a yield of about 6 quintals per hectare.
  • Its seeds contain 50% oil.

4. Pratap

  • It was released by Rajasthan for heavier soil tracts of Rajasthan.
  • Plants are erect type, about 85-90 cm in height.
  • It matures in 100-105 days.
  • It is white seeded and has an yield potential of 6-10 quintals per hectare.
  • It contains 50% oil.

5. TC-2S

  • It is recommended for cultivation in lighter soil tracts of Rajasthan.
  • Plant is 90-95 cm tall, with 4-5 branches.
  • It matures in 80-85 days.
  • Seeds are white with 48.4 % oil content.
  • It yields 4 to 4.5 quintals per  hectare.

 6. Punjab Til No.1

  • It is an early maturing variety.
  • It matures in 80-85 days.
  • Seeds are bold and white in colour and contain 50% oil.
  • It yields about 500 kg/hectare

 7. N-32

  • This variety was developed at Jawahar Lal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidalaya, Jabalpur.
  • It is an erect type of plant having a few branches.
  • It is a multi-capsule variety.
  • It matures within 95-100 days.
  • Seeds are white in colour with 53% oil.
  • It yields about 770 kg/hectare;

 8. IT-7 (Tapi)

  • It was released for entire kharif sesamum growing area of Madhya Pradesh, including Bundelkhand and Baghelkhandregions of the state.
  • It takes 85 days to mature.
  • Seeds are white bold with 54% oil.

 10. No-1.28

  • It is erect and branched with alternate phyllotaxy.
  • It is a single capsuled variety and matures in about 100 days.
  • Seeds are light brown, medium in size with an oil content of 50.5 per cent.
  • It is moderately resistant to cercospora leaf spot.
  • An average crop yields about 650 kg/hectare.

11. G-35

  • It is erect and branched with opposite phyllotaxy.
  • It takes 95 days to mature.
  • The seeds are white, bold and have 52.5% oil.
  • Its average yield is about 500 kg/ hectare.

12. G-5

  • It is erect, unbranched, and has opposite phyllotaxy.
  • It takes 85 days to mature.
  • Seeds are white, bold and contain 52.5% oil.
  • The average yield is about 550 kg/ hectare.

13. Patan-64

  • This variety matures in 90-100 days.
  • Plants are 1.1- 1.3 m in height.
  • The average number of capsules per plant is 50.
  • The arrangement of capsules on the stem is alternate.
  • Seeds are white in colour and contain 48% oil.
  • Its yield potential is 5-9 quintals/hectare.

14. Patan-65

  • This variety matures in about 100 days.
  • Seeds are of brown colour and contain about 49% oil.
  • Its yield potential is 5-8 quintals/ha.
  • It is suitable for growing in north and south Gujarat.

15. Purva-1

  • It is a medium maturing variety.
  • It matures in 120 days.
  • Its average yield is 400 kg/ha.
  • Seeds contain 50% oil.

16. Mrug-1

  • It matures in 85-90 days.
  • It contains 52% oil.
  • It is suitable for Rajkot area of Gujarat.
  • It is tolerant to blight and wilt diseases.
  • Its average yield is 450-500 kg/hectare.

17. GuJarat No-11

  • It has a dwarf growth habit, 3-5 branches and high capsules bearing capacity.
  • It is a white seeded variety.
  • It is resistant to blight and wilt diseases as well as less susceptible to leaf roller.
  • Its average yield is 800 kg/ hectare.

18. Gouri

  • This variety matures in 90 days, plants are tall and well branched.
  • Seeds are medium, brown and smooth and contain 50% oil.
  • It is suitable for growing in Kharif as well as rabi seasons in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Its yield potential is 6-10 quintals/hectare.

19. Madhavi

  • It is a short duration variety.
  • It attains a height of 85 to 105 cm with erect stems.
  • The crop is ready for harvest within 70-75 days.
  • Seeds are medium in size and light brown in colour.
  • Oil content varies from 44.7 to 50.8 per cent.

20. TMV-2

  • This variety matures in 80 days.
  • It is suitable for cold weather.
  • Seeds contain 52% oil.
  • Its average yield is 4-6 quintals/hectare.

21. TMV-3

  • Its seeds are of brownish-black and contain 50% oil.
  • It is resistant to wilt and shoot borers.
  • Its average yield is about 5.5 quintals/hectare.

22. TMV-4

  • It is a bushy type with profuse branching.
  • It matures in 85 days.
  • Seeds are brown, having 52% oil.

23. Phule Till No.1

  • It matures in 90-95 days.
  • Plants are tall (120 cm).
  • Seeds are white and contain 51 % oil.
  • It is suitable for growing in central and western Maharashtra.
  • Yield is 6-10 quintals/hectare.

24. TMV -5

  • Average number of branches per plant are three to four.
  • It matures in 75-80 days.
  • Seeds are brown pumpy with 54% oil content.
  • It is tolerant to drought conditions.
  • Average yield is 400-450 kg/hectare.

25. B-3-1

  • It is a black seeded variety which matures in 115 days.
  • Its seeds contain 47-48% oil.
  • Its average yield is 5-6 quintals/hectare.

Z6. B-3-2

  • It is a black seeded variety which matures in 110 days.
  • Its seeds contain about 47% oil.
  • Capsules are of small size.
  • This variety is resistant to bacterial blight and Cercospora leaf spot diseases.
  • Its average yield is 5-7.5 quintals/hectare.

27. B-9

  • It matures in 85 -90 days.
  • It is suitable for dry season in West Bengal.
  • Seeds are, of deep brownish colour and contain 47% oil.
  • Its yield potential is 8-10 quintals/hectare.

28. B-14

  • It is suitable for alluvial tracts in dry season.
  • The crop matures in 85 -90 days.
  • Seeds are black in colour.
  • Iit contain 45% oil.
  • Its yield potential is 8-10 quintals/ hactare.

30. N-I0

  • It can grow well in dry season.
  • It matures in 80 -85 days.
  • Seeds are black in colour and contain 48% oil.
  • Its yield potential is 10 -15 quintals / hectare.

31. RT-l

  • It matures in 88 days.
  • Plants are tall (i-2m), straight, and branched.
  • The average yield is 950 kg per hectare.
  • It contains 50% oil. Seeds are black in colour.
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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.