Central Research Institute For Dryland Agriculture
ABOUT US: Central Research Institue For Dryland Agriculture: (http://www.crida.ernet.in )Green revolution in mid-sixties, though a boon to Indian agriculture, also ushered in an era of alarming disparity between productivity of irrigated and rainfed regions. Further, drought conditions due to failure of monsoons during two consecutive years (1965 and 1966) compelled the Government of India to import 17 mt food grains. At this juncture, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) recognized the need for a comprehensive and multidisciplinary research in dryland agriculture to develop appropriate technologies for efficient management and utilization of natural resources to improve the productivity of these areas. In 1970, the All India Coordinated Research Project for Dryland Agriculture (AICRPDA) was launched with the Project Directorate located at Hyderabad and 23 cooperating Centres (currently 22 centres) located in various agroclimatic regions. To give further fillip to the dryland research by understanding and defining the crop growth related weather factors and issues, the All India Coordinated Research Project on Agrometeorology (AICRPAM) was set up in May 1983 with ten cooperating centres located in different State Agricultural Universities (SAUs). Currently, AICRPAM has 25 centres.
Dryland Agriculture in India
Out of the 142 million (m) ha cultivated area in the country, only 51 m ha is irrigated. Even after complete exploitation of the full irrigation potential of the country, it is estimated that nearly 70 m ha of net sown area will continue to depend upon monsoons. Rainfed areas produce approximately 20-25 m t rice, 2-3 m t wheat, 30-35 m t coarse cereals, and 10-12 m t pulses, thus contributing nearly 65-75 m t food grains and 12-14 m t oilseeds besides significant quantities of cotton, vegetables, and fruits.
The modest beginning of AICRPDA and its significant contributions in exploring the possibilities of doubling productivity of dryland prompted the establishment of a full fledged research institute - Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA) at Hyderabad in 1985 to embark upon lead and strategic research in dryland agriculture leaving location/region specific problems and their solutions to AICRPDA. With the launching of the National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) by the Council during the year 1998, CRIDA was further strengthened with the responsibility of planning and coordinating research on a production system mode under the rainfed agro-eco system.
RESEARCH: Climate Change Research on Impact, Adaptation and Vulnerability of Indian Agriculture to Climate Change. The research work is to identify the regions experiencing significant climate change and variability, develop methodologies for assessing the impacts of climate change on agricultural productivity in various agro-ecological regions and suggest suitable interventions for reducing the impacts of climate change on agricultural productivity.
EXTENSION: Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) was established in 1976 to cater the needs of the farming community of Ranga Reddy district. The major objectives of KVK is to organize need based and skill oriented training programmes for practicing farmers and farm women by the principles of 'Learning by doing' and 'Teaching by doing' . Considerable amount of work has been done by the KVK by way of transferring technologies related to rainfed farming through On Farm Testing (OFTs), Front line Demonstrations (FLDs), Trainings and extension activities. The farmers, farm women and rural youth in the Ranga Reddy District are being benefited by the KVK activities and trainings since its inception.
ADDRESS: Director, CRIDA (ICAR)
Santoshnagar, Hyderabad - 500 059
Phone: +91 -040 24530177, 24530161
Fax : +91 -040 24531802, 24535336
Submitted by sugatha on Wed, 02/09/2009 - 16:57