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Area, production and productivity of major pulses

Area, production and productivity of major pulses

India is producing 14.76 million tons of pulses from an area of 23.63 million hectare, which is one of the largest pulses producing countries in the world.  However, about 2-3 million tons of pulses are imported annually to meet the domestic consumption requirement.  Thus, there is need to increase production and productivity of pulses in the country by more intensive interventions. 

Ongoing Schemes on Pulses Development

Presently, pulses development programmes are being implemented through the Centrally Sponsored Schemes of NFSM-Pulses, Integrated Scheme on Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize (ISOPOM) and Integrated Crop Development Programme (ICDP)-Pulses under Macro Management Mode.  While ISOPOM is implemented in all the 433 districts of 14 States, NFSM Pulses is being implemented in mission mode in 171 districts of these states.  In addition, 15 districts of Jharkhand and 10 districts of Assam have recently been included under NFSM-Pulses for implementation with effect from 1st April, 2010.  ICDP-Pulses is implemented in states other than the 14 NFSM/ISOPOM States.  NFSM-Pulses cover about 80% of the total area under pulses in the country.

 Technology Demonstration Initiative

To achieve target of additional production of pulses, it is necessary to concentrate efforts on five most important pulse crops depending upon there contribution in national production viz., chickpea (39%), pigeonpea (21%), mungbean (11%), urdbean (10%) and lentil (7%).  The area production and productivity of major pulses in India is reported in Table-1.  Further, information about important pulse crops in major states based on area and production of pulses is given in Table 2 -14.

 Objective

The objective of frontline demonstration is to demonstrate selected technologies in a compact block for five major pulses crops namely chickpea, pigeonpea, mungbean urdbean and lentil.   Total 6000 demonstrations will be conducted on these major pulses crops with the unit of 0.40 hectare area.  Total 6000 demonstrations will be divided into selected commodity-wise, pulses crops demonstrations based on proportionate percent area under respective crop. The demonstrations will be conducted for the period of three years. 

 Technologies to be demonstrated to the farmers

  • Recently released, early maturing, high yielding, bold seeded, disease resistant varieties
  • Planting techniques
  • Integrated plant nutrient management
  • Integrated weed management
  • Integrated disease and insect           
  • Irrigation and rain water management
  • Intercropping

Components of demonstrations

  • Demonstrations will be conducted by selected KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institutes
  • Organizing production and timely supply of quality inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, bio-fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides etc.
  • Backstopping to the selected KVKs by SAUs/ICAR Institutes through one day Regional Workshops.
  • Training to farmers and extension workers involved in conduct of frontline demonstrations

 Table 1. Area production and productivity of major pulses in India (Area: lakh ha, Production: Lakh tonnes, Productivity: kg/ha)

Particulars

Area

Per cent

Production

Per cent

Productivity

Chickpea

73.7

38.71

58.9

48.28

799.19

Pegionpea

36.3

19.07

27.6

22.62

760.33

Mungbean

34.4

18.07

14

11.48

406.98

Uradbean

31

16.28

14

11.48

451.61

Lentil

15

7.88

9.5

7.79

633.33

Total

190.4

100.00

124

101.64

651.2

 Table 2. Concentrate on important pulse crops in major States on area under the pulses

Crop

States to be covered

Chickpea

Madhya Pradesh (32.97%), Maharashtra (18.36%), Rajasthan (16.70%), Andhra Pradesh (8.55%), Karnataka (8.21%), Uttar Pradesh (6.85%) and Gujarat (2.92 %)

Pigeonpea

Maharashtra (32.37%), Karnataka (18.76%), Andhra Pradesh (12.75%), Uttar Pradesh (10.14%), Madhya Pradesh (9.64%) and Gujarat (6.69%)

Mungbean

Rajasthan (30.81%), Maharashtra (19.51%), Karnataka (15.35%), Andhra Pradesh (12.79%), Orissa (7.41%), Tamil Nadu (4.97 %) and Uttar Pradesh (2.09%)

Urdbean

Maharashtra (18.55%), Andhra Pradesh (16.23%), Madhya Pradesh (18.55%), Uttar Pradesh (12.61%), Tamil Nadu (11.00), Rajasthan (4.68), Orissa (4.84%)  and Karnataka (4.06)

Lentil

Madhya Pradesh (40.53%), Uttar Pradesh (37.60%), Bihar (10.80%) and West Bengal (4.00%)

Table 3. Concentrate on important pulse crops in major States on production of the pulses

Crop

States to be covered

Chickpea

Madhya Pradesh (29.37%), Maharashtra (20.03%), Andhra Pradesh (15.48%), Rajasthan (9.73%), Karnataka (9.63%), Uttar Pradesh (6.42%) & Gujarat (3.57 %)

Pigeonpea

Maharashtra (39.24%), Karnataka (17.57%), Andhra Pradesh (10.94%), Uttar Pradesh (11.85%), Gujarat (10.65%) and Madhya Pradesh (7.86%)

Mungbean

Rajasthan (34.67%), Maharashtra (30.92%), Andhra Pradesh (18.08%), Karnataka (9.00%), Orissa (5.17%), Tamil Nadu (4.58%) and Uttar Pradesh (3.33%)

Urdbean

Maharashtra(23.36%) AP(18.50%), UP(12.29%), MP(11.86%), Tamil Nadu (8.64%), Karnataka (4.57%), Rajasthan (4.29%) and Orissa (3.00%)

Lentil

Uttar Pradesh (45.79%), Madhya Pradesh (30.21%), Bihar (12.00%) and West Bengal (4.21%)

Table 4. Area, Production and Productivity of Chikpea in Major States

S. No.

Particulars

Area

(lakh ha)

% Share

Production (lakh t)

% Share

Productivity (kg ha-1)

1

Andhra Pradesh

6.30

8.55

9.12

15.48

1447.62

2

Gujrat

2.15

2.92

2.10

3.57

976.74

3

Karnataka

6.05

8.21

5.67

9.63

937.19

4

Madhya Pradesh

24.30

32.97

17.30

29.37

711.93

5

Maharashtra

13.53

18.36

11.80

20.03

872.14

6

Uttar Pradesh

5.05

6.85

3.78

6.42

748.51

7

Rajastan

12.31

16.70

5.73

9.73

465.48


Sub-total

69.69

94.56

55.50

94.23

796.38


Total

73.70

100.00

58.90

100.00

799.19

Table 5. Area, Production and Productivity of Pigeonpea in Major States

S. No.

Particulars

Area

(lakh ha)

% Share

Production (lakh t)

% Share

Productivity (kg ha-1)

1

Andhra Pradesh

4.63

12.75

3.02

10.94

652.27

2

Gujrat

2.65

7.30

2.94

10.65

1109.43

3

Karnataka

6.81

18.76

4.85

17.57

712.19

4

Madhya Pradesh

3.50

9.64

2.17

7.86

620.00

5

Maharashtra

11.75

32.37

10.83

39.24

921.70

6

Uttar Pradesh

3.68

10.14

3.27

11.85

888.59


Sub-total

33.02

90.96

27.08

98.12

820.11


Total

36.30


27.60


760.33

Table 6. Area, Production and Productivity of Greengram in Major States

S. No.

Particulars

Area

(lakh ha)

% Share

Production (lakh t)

% Share

Productivity (kg ha-1)

1

Andhra Pradesh

4.40

12.79

2.17

15.50

493.18

2

Gujrat

2.30

6.69

1.21

8.64

526.09

3

Karnataka

5.28

15.35

1.08

7.71

204.55

4

Maharashtra

6.71

19.51

3.71

26.50

552.91

5

Uttar Pradesh

0.72

2.09

0.40

2.86

555.56

6

Rajasthan

10.60

30.81

4.16

29.71

392.45

7

Tamil Nadu

1.71

4.97

0.55

3.93

321.64

8

Orissa

2.55

7.41

0.62

4.43

243.14


Sub-total

34.27

99.62

13.90

99.29

405.60


Total

34.40

100.00

14

100.00

406.98

Table 7. Area, Production and Productivity of Blackgram in Major States

S. No.

Particulars

Area

(lakh ha)

% Share

Production (lakh t)

% Share

Productivity (kg ha-1)

1

Andhra Pradesh

5.03

16.23

2.59

18.50

514.91

2

Karnataka

1.26

4.06

0.64

4.57

507.94

3

Madhya Pradesh

4.72

15.23

1.66

11.86

351.69

4

Maharashtra

5.75

18.55

3.27

23.36

568.70

5

Uttar Pradesh

3.91

12.61

1.72

12.29

439.90

6

Rajasthan

1.45

4.68

0.60

4.29

413.79

7

Tamil Nadu

3.41

11.00

1.21

8.64

354.84

8

Orissa

1.50

4.84

0.42

3.00

280.00


Sub-total

27.03

87.19

12.11

86.50

448.02


Total

31.00

 

14.00

 

451.61

Table 8. Area, Production and Productivity of Lentil in Major States

S. No.

Particulars

Area

(lakh ha)

% Share

Production (lakh t)

% Share

Productivity (kg ha-1)

1

Madhya Pradesh

5.64

37.60

2.87

30.21

508.87

2

Uttar Pradesh

6.08

40.53

4.35

45.79

715.46

3

Bihar

1.62

10.80

1.14

12.00

703.70


Sub-total

13.94

92.93

8.76

92.21

628.41


Total

15.00

100.00

9.50

100.00

633.33

Table 9. Crop-wise Demonstration (To Be Organized as per the area)

Particulars

Area

(lakh ha)

%

No. of Demonstrations

(each of 0.40 ha)

Chickpea

73.7

33.3

2000

Pegionpea

36.3

24.4

1466

Mungbean

34.4

18.91

1135

Uradbean

31.0

15.43

926

Lentil

15.0

7.88

473

Total

190.4

99.92

6000

Table 10. Details of State-wise Front Line Demonstrations of Chickpea

State

No. of Demonstrations

(0.40 ha)

Existing Yield

(kg acre-1)

Expected Yield

(kg acre-1)

Production @ Existing Yield

(t)

Madhya Pradesh

720

285

800

230.90

Maharashtra

365

349

800

157.40

Rajasthan

325

186

800

76.30

Uttar Pradesh

148

299

800

50.20

Karnataka

180

375

600

75.80

Andhra Pradesh

190

579

800

121.60

Gujarat

72

391

800

28.20

All India

2000

 

 

740.20

Table 11. Details of State-wise Front Line Demonstrations of Pigeonpea

State

No. of Demonstrations

(0.40 ha)

Existing Yield

(kg acre-1)

Expected Yield

(kg acre-1)

Production @ existing Yield

(t)

Maharashtra

460

369

600

150.18

Karnataka

290

285

600

67.26

Andhra Pradesh

211

261

600

41.76

Uttar Pradesh

180

355

600

45.44

Madhya Pradesh

175

248

600

30.00

Gujarat

150

443

600

39.87

 All India

1466



374.51

Table 12. Details of State-wise Front Line Demonstrations on Greengram

State

No. of Demonstrations

(0.40 ha)

Existing Yield

(kg acre-1)

Expected Yield

(kg acre-1)

Production @ existing Yield

(t)

Rajastan

319

157.00

600

52.60

Maharashtra

212

221.00

600

46.85

Karnataka

167

82.00

400

13.69

Andhra Pradesh

139

198.00

400

27.52

Gujarat

73

210.40

600

15.35

Orissa

81

97.00

600

7.86

Tamil Nadu

54

128.00

600

6.91

Uttar Pradesh

90

222.00

600

5.11

All India

1135

 

 

175.89

Table 13. Details of State-wise Front Line Demonstrations on Blackgram

State

No. of Demonstrations

(0.40 ha)

Existing Yield

(kg acre-1)

Expected Yield

(kg acre-1)

Production @ existing Yield

(t)

Maharashtra

208

227

400

47.22

Andhra Pradesh

182

206

400

37.49

Madhya Pradesh

171

141

200

24.11

Uttar Pradesh

90

176

300

24.82

Tamil Nadu

123

142

300

17.47

Orissa

54

112

200

6.05

Rajastan

52

166

200

8.63

Karnataka

46

203

300

9.34

All India

926

 

 

175.13

Table 14. Details of State-wise Front Line Demonstrations on Lentil

State

No. of Demonstrations

(0.40 ha)

Existing Yield

(kg acre-1)

Expected Yield

(kg acre-1)

Production @ existing Yield

(t)

Uttar Pradesh

206

286

800

58.92

Madhya Pradesh

191

204

400

38.96

Bihar

55

281

800

15.46

West Bengal

21

267

400

5.61

All India

473

 

 

118.95

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Good compilation

Good compilation