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Area and Distribution in Rice


Area and Distribution

      Rice is the world's leading food crop, cultivated over an area of about 155 million hectares with a production of about 596 million tones (paddy). In terms of area and production it is second to wheat. It provides about 22 per cent of the world's supply of calories and 17 per cent of the proteins. India has the largest area (44.8 million hectares) followed by China and Indonesia. In respect of production, India ranks second with 131 million tones of paddy next to china (200 million tones of paddy). In regards to average yield per hectare, Egypt ranks first followed by USA. Average rice yield of India is only 2929 kg per hectare.

           In India rice is grown in almost all the states. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal lead in the area. West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh have the highest rice production. The average yield per hectare is highest in Punjab (3346 kg/ha).


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Please note that this is the opinion of the author and is Not Certified by ICAR or any of its authorised agents.