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Agroclimatology of West Africa: Burkina Faso

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Authors: 
Sivakumar, M.V.K. Gnoumou, F. ; International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
Book
Publication Year: 
1987
Publisher Details: 
International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ; Patancheru 502324, Andhra Pradesh, India
ISBN: 
92-9066-123-2
Report/Series/Bulletin Name: 
Agroclimatology of West Africa: Burkina Faso;Agroclimatologie de l'Afrique de l'Ouest:le Burkina Faso / Sivakumar, M.V.K.
Report/series/Bulletin Number: 
2



T h i s r e p o r t on the a g r o c l i m a t o l o g y of Burkina Faso is the t h i r d i n a s e r i e s planned by ICRISAT. The f i r s t r e p o r t on  Niger was p u b l i s h e d in 1980 and the second on M a l i in 1984. We hope t h i s r e p o r t w i l l prove as u s e f u l as the e a r l i e r ones t o s c i e n t i s t s , agencies, and p l a n n e r s w o r k i n g t o improve a g r i c u l t u r a l p r o d u c t i o n i n A f r i c a .  ICRISAT's e f f o r t s i n i m p r o v i n g a g r i c u l t u r e are focused on the s e m i - a r i d t r o p i c s (SAT). Low and v a r i a b l e crop p r o d u c t i o n p r i m a r i l y owing t o e r r a t i c r a i n f a l l are c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of t h i s r e g i o n . Most of the r a i n f a l l s i n a r e l a t i v e l y s h o r t r a i n y season. The aim of ICRISAT's Resource Management Program i n c l u d e s d e v e l o p i n g s u i t a b l e t e c h n o l o g y f o r s o i l and water management f o r these areas i n a three-way approach: (1) assessment of the s o i l , w a t e r , and c l i m a t i c resources o f the v a r i o u s e c o l o g i c a l r e g i o n s o f the SAT; (2) i d e n t i f i c a t i o n of the major p h y s i c a l , b i o l o g i c a l , and socioeconomic processes t h a t make up f a r m i n g systems of the SAT; (3) i n v e s t i g a t i o n s of the means by which these processes can be p u r p o s e f u l l y managed. The t r o p i c s - e s p e c i a l l y the SAT-owing t o the p e c u l i a r d i s t r i b u t i o n o f the n a t u r a l resources o f s o i l and c l i m a t e , c a l l f o r s p e c i f i c c r o p p i n g systems and f a r m i n g systems t e c h n o l o g y . Assessment and i n t e r p r e t a t i o n o f the n a t u r a l r e s o u r c e s , p a r t i c u l a r l y those r e l a t e d t o water i n a g r o n o m i c a l l y r e l e v a n t terms, t h e r e f o r e , assume a s p e c i a l s i g n i f i c a n c e . W e b e l i e v e t h a t such q u a n t i f i c a t i o n w i l l a s s i s t i n d e v e l o p i n g a r e l e v a n t technology and h e l p i n i t s t r a n s f e r .  
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