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Leaf smut


Leaf Smut

Causal organism: Entyloma  oryzae


kernel smut

Kernel Smut

Causal organism      Neovossia barclayan


Baterial leaf streak (BLS) of rice


Bacterial Leaf Streak (BLS) of rice

Causal Organism : Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola

Bacterial leaf blight (BLB) of rice

Causal Organism: Xanthomonas compestris pv. Oryzae

Bacterial blight is a monsoon disease and its incidence and severity is very much influenced by rainfall, number of rainy days, and susceptibility of the cultivar and nitrogen fertilizer application. Severe epidemics recorded in 1979 and 1980 in northwestern India, reducing the grain yields drastically.

Seeding of sprouted seed


Number of seedling per hill


Age of seedling

Age of seedling at transplanting has a direct bearing on the yield of the crop. In general, seedling having 3-4 leaves is considered ideal for transplanting.

The optimum age, however, depends upon the duration of variety, season, date of planting, system of raising nursery, tillering habit, inherent fertility and fertilizer management and cultural practices.

Depth of planting


Method of planting

Transplanting in rice is done by two methods

  1. Random method: In the random method, seedlings are transplanted without a definite distance or space between plants.
  2. Straight-row method: The straight-row method follows a uniform spacing between plants. The seedlings are transplanted in straight rows.
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