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Directorate of Oilseeds Research (ICAR)

Sulphur : Safflower

Sulphur

Safflower responds to S fertilization in soils low to medium in available sulphur. Significant response upto 15 kg S/ha in Satara district anfd 30 kg/ha in Parbhani district of Maharashtra and in Malwa Plateau of Madhya Pradesh under irrigation; upto 30 kg/ha in Akola district (Maharashtra) and 45 kg/ha in Solapur district (Maharashtra) under rainfed conditions has been obtained.

Biofertilizers

 

Seed treatment with Azotobacter or mixed inoculation of Azotobacter and Azospirillum (25g/kg seed) could effectively subsitute 50% of recommended N needs of safflower amounting to 20 kg/ha under rainfed conditions in almost all the safflower growing regions of the country.

Fertilizer requirement

 

 

The recommended levels of manures and fertilizers for different regions are given below.

kharif fallows

 

Safflower requires clod-free seed bed with firm subsoil and adequate moisture for good germination and stand establishment. In mono-cropped black soils of rabi areas, harrowing 3 or 4 times during the monsoon is as effective as deep ploughing or subsoiling to keep fields weed free. If the fields are infested with obnoxious weeds, resort to deep ploughing during summer as soon as the rabi crop is harvested. Conserve maximum amount of soil moisture and obtain the desired seed bed.

Soils

 

mono cropping

 

Sequence cropping

 

A number of productive and remunerative cereal/ legume-safflower sequences are identified for various agro-ecological regions of the country either as a contingent or regular practice which are given hereunder.

Intercropping

 

Although sole crop of safflower is more profitable, it will be advantageous to intercrop safflower in a number of traditional crops. Some of the suggested intercrop combinations which are more feasible, productive and profitable for different regions under rainfed conditions are listed below.

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