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Directorate of Oilseeds Research (ICAR)

Diversified uses of Safflower


Safflower being a cross pollinated crop, apiary can be set up which not only improves the fertilization and seed yield but also provides additional income in the form of honey.

Aberrant weather: Safflower

Delayed rains

It is more profitable to go for safflower whenever there are late rains in October/ November.

Yield potential

Realizable yield potentials with improved technology

If all the improved agro-production and potential technologies are followed, about 800 to 1200 kg/ha of safflower seed yields can be obtained under scanty moisture conditions and about 1500 to 2000 kg/ha under favourable moisture conditions. Under minimal irrigation, yield levels of 2000 to 2800 kg/ha could be achieved.

soil and moisture conservation

Soil and moisture conservation

When safflower is raised as a monocrop on stored soil moisture, soil and moisture conservation becomes very important. 



Under rainfed conditions, spray cycocel @ 500 ppm at flower initiation to get 8 to 10% higher seed yield and returns from safflower. Use about 300 litres of spray solution per hectare.



Under scanty moisture conditions in drylands, yield can be boosted by 40 to 60% by providing just one life saving irrigation at critical phases of crop growth (early stem elongation to flowering) of before soil moisture becomes limiting for crop growth.

Time of sowing

Region Recommended seeding time
Andhra Pradesh  
Coastal and Rayalaseema areas October

Seed rate


Safflower production technology


Depth of sowing

For better stands, follow line sowing using improved seed drills or fertilizer-cum-seed drills available in different regions. Seeds can be sown behind the plough also. Place the seed at a depth of about 5 cm in the moist zone to facilitate good germination and emergence. Cover the seed with heavy plank.

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