Cowpea is a quick growing leguminous forage crop usually grown mixed with cereal fodders and grasses to improve the nutritive value of the herbage. It is an excellent cover crop, which suppresses weeds and enriches the soil. Cowpea can be grown under partial shade conditions. It can be grown in kharif as well s in zaid reason.
Cowpea fodder is very rich and nutritious fodder. It contains 20-24% crude protein, 43-49%neutral detergent fibre, 34-37% acid detergent fibre, 23-25%,cellulose and 5-6% hemicelluloses on dry matter basis. The digestibility of cowpea fodder is above 70%.