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Time of Harvesting :

Water Requirement

Pigeonpea uses about 20-24 cm water to produce about 1 t of grain/ha under traditional production systems.

Weed Management

Pigeonpea has slow initial growth rate. This makes pigeonpea less competitive with weeds. If weeds are not controlled in time can cause up to 90% reduction in seed yield and inoculum for for pests and diseases.

Table. 1: Some of the common weeds associated with Pigeonpea

Plant Population

Long-duration varieties

In traditional production systems, pigeonpea generally has a low plant population, less than 5 plants m2. But, 10 plants m2 gave marginally higher yields in intercrops.

Time of Sowing

Long-duration varieties:

Sowing at the onset of rains (15 June to 15 July in India) ensures sufficient vegetative growth before flowering.

Seeds and sowing

Pigeonpea Genotypes:

Generally local cultivars of medium- and late-maturing types are cultivated. These cultivars are:

Soils and Land Preparation

Pigeonpea is cultivated on both red and black soils


Ratoon Cropping in Pigeonpea

Ratoon cropping refers to a multiple-harvest system in which regenerating stubbles of the established crop in the field are managed for subsequent production.

Sequential Cropping in Pigeonpea

  • Sequential cropping refers to growing crops in sequence within a crop year, one crop being sown after the harvest of the other.
  • When two or more crops are grown in a year on the same land, the system is referred to be double cropping or multiple cropping.

Mixed Cropping in Pigeonpea

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