Present in many Old World cotton growing areas. In India Earias insulana is noticed in northern part of the country whereas E. vitella is a common pest in southern region. The pest feeds on alternative host plants like Hibiscus, Holyhock, Sunhemp, China rose, bhendi, pundi, Abutilon indicum etc.
Found to infest cotton in all cotton growing regions. It is a major pest of cotton in most parts of tropical Africa, tropical Asia, USA and South America . Also attack Hibiscus spp., okra, Abutilon, etc.